发达地区农民城市化的路径——本地劳动力市场和农民家庭策略的融合
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中央高校基本科研业务基金项目“新时代构建中国特色渐进城镇化模式研究”(413000026)。


The Path and Mechanism of Farmers’ Urbanization in Developed Areas—— Integration of Local Labor Market and Farmer’s Family Strategy
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    摘要:

    通过对东部沿海发达地区农民城市化路径外在宏观条件和内在微观机制的分析,可以更完整呈现城市化的社会规律,反观当前的相关理论及城市化政策的问题。与中西部农村地区农民家庭的不完全城市化不同,东部沿海发达地区的农民趋于完全城市化。多个发达地区的田野调查表明,发达工业化基础上建立的本地劳动力市场是农民城市化的前提,其特征是就业机会丰富、就业时间充足与就业成本低廉。就家庭策略而言,农民家庭通过提升人力资本、家庭充分就业和家庭婚姻联结将本地劳动力市场优势转化为融入城市的家庭发展能力,实现完全城市化。

    Abstract:

    Through the analysis of the external macro-conditions and internal micro-mechanisms of peasants’ urbanization path in the eastern coastal developed areas,the social law of urbanization can be presented more completely,and the current relevant theories and urbanization policies can be reflected.Different from the incomplete urbanization of peasant families in the rural areas of the central and western regions,peasants in the developed areas along the eastern coast tend to be completely urbanized.Field surveys in several developed areas show that the local labor market established on the basis of developed industrialization is the premise of peasants’ urbanization,characterized by abundant employment opportunities,sufficient employment time and low employment cost.As far as family strategy is concerned,peasant families transform the advantages of local labor market into the ability of family development to integrate into the city by improving human capital,full employment of families and family marriage links,so as to achieve complete urbanization.

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褚明浩.发达地区农民城市化的路径——本地劳动力市场和农民家庭策略的融合[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(5):119-125

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  • 在线发布日期: 2019-08-23
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