市场主体参与能否减少稻农的农药过量施用?
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国家自然科学基金面上项目“农户种植行为与农产品质量安全:从粗放到标准——以水稻为例”(71573261);农业农村部农业农村资源等监测统计经费项目“俄罗斯农业发展与贸易跟踪”(12190201)。


Can Market Entity’s Participation Reduce Excessive Pesticide Use by Rice Farmers?
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    摘要:

    基于五省的调研数据,利用损害控制模型,对稻农的农药过量施用水平进行测算,并采用倾向得分匹配法考察市场主体参与对稻农农药施用水平的影响。结果表明:稻农存在严重的过量施药行为。在控制其他影响因素的条件下,稻农如果选择非专业外包防治,将显著增加农药过量施用的概率;与“质量型”收购商交易,有助于抑制稻农的农药过量施用行为;当前合作社对小农户吸纳较少,并不会对稻农的过量施药行为产生显著的影响。因此,应继续加强对市场的监管,并积极完善市场的服务功能,从而保障农产品的质量安全。

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    The damage control model was used to calculate the excessive pesticide application by rice farmers and the propensity score matching method was used to investigate the influence of market entity on the pesticide application by rice farmers based on the investigation data of five provinces.The results showed that rice farmers put considerably excessive pesticide into use.Other influencing factors being kept under control,the probability of excessive pesticide application will be significantly increased if rice farmers choose non-professional outsourcing.Dealing with “quality” buyers can help to curb excessive pesticide use by rice farmers.At present,the cooperative absorbed less small-scale farmers and made little difference in rice farmers’excessive usage of pesticide.Therefore,further efforts should be made to strengthen the supervision of the market and improve the service function of the market,so as to ensure the quality and safety of agricultural products.

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秦诗乐,吕新业.市场主体参与能否减少稻农的农药过量施用?[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(4):61-70

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-07-06
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