跨区作业如何影响农机服务获取?
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国家社会科学基金重点项目“我国农村绿色发展问题研究”(15AZD071);国家自然科学基金青年项目“中国农业科研投资的空间经济效应:理论、实证与对策研究”(71803145)。


How Does Cross-regional Operation Affect Agricultural Machinery Service Acquisition?
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    摘要:

    基于农机跨区作业不完全的现实背景,运用准自然实验方法将农机服务市场细分成有跨区作业和无跨区作业两种市场情境,利用湖北省1 440份稻农的农业机械收割服务样本,探讨了农机跨区作业对农机服务获取的影响。研究表明:处于跨区作业服务市场农户的农机收割服务价格平均要比无跨区作业服务市场低11.026~12.931元/亩;跨区作业对不同规模农户农机服务获取的影响具有异质性,较大规模农户在农机服务的获取价格和难度上更具优势,且跨区作业对较小规模农户的服务价格改善并不明显;相较而言,近距离跨区更能显著降低农户的农机服务价格和获取难度。因此,建议统筹农户的农机生产服务需求,扩大跨区作业服务规模,构建跨区作业信息服务平台以传递农机服务市场供需信息,优先鼓励在适合半径的区域内提供跨区作业服务。

    Abstract:

    Based on the incomplete cross-regional agricultural machinery market,the quasi-natural experiment method is used to divide the agricultural machinery service market into two market situations:cross-regional operation and noncross-regional operation.Using 1440 samples of agricultural machinery harvesting service of farmers in Hubei Province,this paper studied the influence of cross-regional operation of agricultural machinery on service acquisition of farmers by PSM Model.Results show:The average price of agricultural machinery harvesting service for farmers in the cross-regional service market is 11.026~12.931 yuan/mu lower than that in the non-crossregional service market.There is heterogeneity in the impact of agricultural machinery service acquisition on farmers of different scale in cross-regional operation,which can be shown in the fact that the large-scale farmers have more advantages in price and feasibility of service acquisition,and cross-regional operation does not significantly reduce small-scale farmers’ service price.Comparatively,the short-distance cross-regional operation can significantly reduce the price and difficulty of service acquisition.Therefore,it is suggested to coordinate farmers’ demand for machinery harvesting service,expand cross-regional service scale,build a market information platform for the transfer of supply and demand information on machinery service,and encourage cross-regional operation service within appropriate radius.

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黄炎忠,罗小锋.跨区作业如何影响农机服务获取?[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(4):89-97

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-07-06
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