非农就业经历、行为能力与新型职业农民经营效率
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广东省软科学项目“广东新型职业农民培育的科技和人才支持政策研究”(2019A101002115);广东省自然科学基金项目“社会化服务视角下小农户与现代农业发展的融合:作用机理与路径”(2020A1515011202)。


Non-agricultural Employment Experience,Behavioral Competence and Operating Efficiency of New Professional Farmers
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    摘要:

    基于粤赣两省501份问卷调查数据,采取DEA-Tobit两阶段模型和中介效应模型实证检验非农就业经历、行为能力对新型职业农民经营效率的影响。结果表明:新型职业农民经营效率偏低,后期提升空间较大;非农就业经历对新型职业农民经营效率具有显著促进作用,其中务工经历和经商经历对新型职业农民经营效率有正向影响;非农就业经历有助于提升行为能力,且行为能力在“非农就业经历与经营效率”的关系中发挥中介作用;控制变量地形特征的影响通过显著性检验。提出应激励具有丰富非农就业经历的劳动者到农村创业就业,并对具有不同就业经历有意愿从事农业的劳动者采取差异化培育政策,促进乡村振兴。

    Abstract:

    Based on 501 questionnaires from the provinces of Guangdong and Jiangxi,the article uses gives an empirical test to the impact of non-agricultural employment experience and behavioral competence on the operating efficiency of new professional farmers by adopting a two-stage model of DEA-Tobit and an mediation effect model. The results show that the operating efficiency of the new type of professional farmers is on the low side,and there is plenty of room for improvement. The non-agricultural employment experience plays a significant role in promoting the operating efficiency of new professional farmers,in which the working experience and business experience has a positive impact on operating efficiency of new professional farmers. Non-agricultural employment experience helps to improve behavioral competence which plays the mediating role in the relationship of “non-agricultural experience and operating efficiency”. The effects of control variables (such as terrain features) pass the significance test. Therefore,workers with rich non-agricultural employment experience should be encouraged to take up employment in agriculture,and the differentiated cultivation policies have to be adopted for workers who have different employment experiences and are willing to engage in agriculture so as for the rural revitalization.

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罗明忠,雷显凯.非农就业经历、行为能力与新型职业农民经营效率[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(5):29-38

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-09-12
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