农业补贴、农户增收与收入不平等
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国家社会科学基金青年项目“农村新型合作组织的扶贫效应及相关政策研究”(16CGL036);重庆市教委人文社会科学研究重点项目“重庆市实施乡村振兴战略的路径和策略研究”(18SKSJ003)。 


Agricultural Subsidies,Rural Income Increase and Income Inequality
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    摘要:

    对农业补贴增收效应的有效测度是评估农业政策与实施精准扶贫的重要问题。从理论上分析农业补贴的增收效应以及农业补贴对农户收入异质性影响的机制,并基于中国家庭金融调查(CHFS)2015年的数据运用工具变量分位数回归进行了实证验证。结果发现:农业补贴对不同收入层次农户收入的影响存在差异,农业补贴会显著促进低收入农户收入的增加,而对高收入农户收入影响不显著;农业补贴对农户收入的影响存在地区异质性,农业补贴会显著促进东部和西部地区农户收入提高,对中部地区影响不显著;农业补贴能够缓解不同收入层次农户收入不平等;农业补贴缓解了中西部农户收入不平等,但是加剧了东中部农户收入不平等。

    Abstract:

    The effective measurement of the effect of agricultural subsidies on household income is an important issue in evaluating agricultural policies and implementing targeted poverty alleviation. This paper theoretically explains the effect of agricultural subsidies on income increase and the mechanism of the impact of agricultural subsidies on farmers’ income heterogeneity,and uses the instrumental variable quantile regression to verify the theoretical hypothesis based on the data of Chinese Household Finance Survey (CHFS) in 2015. The results show that:there are differences in the impact of agricultural subsidies on the income of farmers at different income levels; agricultural subsidy can significantly promote the increase of low-income farmers’ income,but has no significant impact on the income of high-income farmers; there is regional heterogeneity in the impact of agricultural subsidies on household income; agricultural subsidies can significantly promote the increase of farmers’ income in the eastern and western regions,but have no significant impact in the central region; agricultural subsidies can alleviate the income inequality of farmers at different income levels. Agricultural subsidies alleviate the income inequality of farmers in the central and western regions,but aggravate the income inequality of farmers in the eastern and central regions. 

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杨 丹,王晓丽,唐 羽.农业补贴、农户增收与收入不平等[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(5):60-70

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-09-12
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