老龄化背景下农村劳动力的年龄结构与非农转移测度
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国家自然科学基金项目“我国农村居民非农劳动供给特异性及其对经济可持续发展的影响研究”(71473159);国家自然科学基金项目“城市协调发展视域下农业转移人口流动偏好研究”(71803130)。


Age Structure of Rural Labor Force and Measurement of Non-agricultural Transfer in an Aging Society
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    摘要:

    农业转移人口老龄化是当前农村劳动力乡城转移的重要特征。本文构建了一个两部门劳动力转移模型,从劳动效率差别角度解释了这一特征,从理论上得出了劳动力转移的两阶段特征。并基于人口普查数据,测算了不同年龄段农村劳动力在1995-2000年、2000-2005年、2005-2010年、2010-2015年四个时期从农业部门到非农业部门转移的数量,验证了农村劳动力转移的两阶段特征:在劳动力转移初期,中青年劳动力流出农业,老年劳动力难以流出;在劳动力转移后期,中青年劳动力开始回流农业,老年劳动力从农业流出。研究结论表明,不同年龄结构的农村劳动力在农业部门和非农业部门之间仍存在配置红利,推进户籍制度和土地制度改革,积极发展第三产业,有助于加快第二阶段农业劳动力转移,挖掘不同年龄劳动力再配置红利,有助于实现乡村振兴。

    Abstract:

    The aging of transplanted agricultural population is an important feature of rural labor migration from rural to urban areas. We construct a two-sector model to study the migration decision of the young labor force and the old-age labor force from the perspective of labor efficiency and explain this phenomenon and obtain the two-stage theoretical characteristics of labor transfer. Based on census data,this paper first calculates the number of laborers of all ages who moved from agriculture to non-agriculture in the four time periods:1995-2000,2000-2005,2005-2010,and 2010-2015 and verifies the two-stage characteristics of rural labor transfer:the young laborers in the initial period flowed out of agriculture,and it was difficult for the old-aged labor force to flow out; in the later period the young laborers began to return to agriculture,and the older laborers flowed out of agriculture. This conclusion shows that the benefit of allocating different age group laborers between agriculture and non-agriculture still exists. We hold the opinion that promoting the reform of the household registration system and the land system and developing the tertiary industry can facilitate the free flow of the labor force in the second stage,better take advantage of the benefit and revitalize the countryside.

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赵海涛,朱帆,常进雄.老龄化背景下农村劳动力的年龄结构与非农转移测度[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(5):71-81

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  • 收稿日期:2020-01-20
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-09-12
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