互动型治理:农村垃圾分类机制建设的逻辑阐释
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国家社会科学基金重大项目“农业社会学的基本理论与前沿问题研究”(17ZDA113);2018年第63批中国博士后科学基金面上项目“长三角地区农村生活污染治理研究”(2018M631668)。


Negotiated governance:Logical Interpretation of the Construction of Rural Waste Sorting Mechanism
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    摘要:

    农村环境治理是多方主体不断互动、反复磨合的复杂协商过程。浙中农村垃圾分类机制的建设在地方政府行政命令的影响下开始实施,符合国家环境治理的大政方针,却不一定满足农民的“口味”。在村干部等地方精英的支持与引导下,通过村庄内部的组织引导与管理方式创新,促进农民养成垃圾分类的行为习惯,并根据实践经验来调整地方政府的垃圾分类政策,最终形成一些符合农村社会、具有操作性的垃圾分类制度。浙中农村垃圾分类机制的建设,不仅是地方社会垃圾分类机制设立、调适与完善的过程,也是农民在垃圾分类制度、生产生活方式的影响下塑造分类行为的过程,还是地方政府、村干部、村民在权力关系与社会关系作用下相互妥协的一种结果。

    Abstract:

    Public governance of rural environment is a complex negotiation process in which multiple parties constantly interact and repeatedly dispute with one another. The rural waste sorting mechanism in Zhejiang Province was implemented at the local government administrative orders. In the context of environmental governance,it conformed to the national policy of the country,but it did not necessarily satisfy the “taste” of the farmers. Under the support and guidance of local elites such as village cadres,through the internal organization of the village to guide and innovate ways of management,farmers’ habit of garbage classification can be gradually shaped,and according to the practical experience of rural waste classification,some feasible garbage classification system that conforms to the rural society can be eventually established by local governments. The establishment of rural waste sorting mechanism in Zhejiang Province is not only the process of initiation,adaptation and perfection of the mechanism,but also the process of farmers adjusting their behavior and developing waste sorting habit under the influence of government classification system and production lifestyle. It is also a result of compromise among local government,village cadres and villagers under the influence of power and social relations.

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蒋 培.互动型治理:农村垃圾分类机制建设的逻辑阐释[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(5):109-116

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-09-12
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