农地确权背景下土地流转对农户福利的影响
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国家自然科学基金项目“农地城市流转中价值创造过程、价值捕获机制与利益共享政策研究”(71873053);2019年度湖北省委重大调研课题基金项目“湖北省农地确权政策实施效果评估及优化路径研究”(N41)。 


Research on the Impacts of Land Transfer on Farmers’ Welfare in the Context of Confirming the Rights of Farmland 
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    摘要:

    以湖北省440户农户为研究对象,基于森的可行能力为理论基础,利用Logistic模型和倾向评分匹配法(PSM),对农地确权后影响农户参与土地流转的福利因素进行分析及流转农户的福利变化进行测算,以理清农地确权后土地流转对农户福利的影响。结果表明:(1)农地确权后,影响农户参与土地流转的因素有家庭纯收入、是否有医疗保险、对社会保障的认可、就业难易度、自评健康、农户土地流转知情权及对流转价格的满意度;(2)通过对流转农户福利变化的效应测算,土地流转能显著改善农户福利,对转出农户福利变化的效应值为1.100,对转入农户福利变化的效应值为0.793;(3)农地确权后,家庭纯收入、农户社会保障认可和自评健康状况能显著提升农户福利水平,而就业难易度阻碍了农户福利改进,土地流转价格满意度能改善转出农户福利、但阻碍了转入农户福利改进。基于此提出了构建有效的流转价格机制、加大差异化技能培训及完善流转农户社会保障体系等建议,以推进农地确权后土地流转农户福利的改进。

    Abstract:

    The impact of land transfer on farmers’ welfare has been studied after confirming the rights of farmland. Taking 440 farmers in Hubei Province as the research object,based on the theory of Sen’s feasible ability,using Logistic model and Propensity Score matching Method (PSM),the welfare factors affecting farmers’ participation in land transfer after confirming the rights of farmland have been analyzed,and the changes of farmers’ welfare in land transfer have been measured to explicate the impact of land transfer on farmers’ welfare. The results showed that:1) After confirming the rights of farmland,the welfare factors that affected farmers’ participation in the land transfer were net income of family,medical insurance,recognition of social security,difficulty of employment,self-assessment of the health status,farmers’ right to participate the land transfer and satisfaction with the transfer price; 2) Through measuring the effect of the change,farmers’ welfare could been significantly improved by land transfer with the effect value of the change in the welfare of the out-transferred farmers being 1.10,and that of the change in the welfare of in-transferred farmers 0.793; 3) after confirming the rights of the farmland,the net income of the family,the recognition of the social security of farmers and the self-assessment of the health status could significantly improve the level of farmers’ welfare,while the difficulty of employment would hinder the improvement of farmers’ welfare; the satisfaction of land transfer price could improve the welfare of out-transferred farmers,but hinder the welfare improvement of in-transferred farmers. Therefore,it is proposed that relevant policies and recommendations such as building an effective transfer price mechanism,increasing differentiated skill training and improving the transfer farmers’ social security system should be put forward,to promote the improvement of farmers’ welfare in the land transfer after confirming farmland rights.

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关江华,张安录.农地确权背景下土地流转对农户福利的影响[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(5):143-150

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-09-12
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