基于SFA的家庭农场技术效率测度与影响因素分析
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教育部人文社科重点研究基地重大项目“农业现代化进程中新型农业经营体系与家庭农场研究”(18JJD790012);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“基于大数据的需求导向型农技推广机制研究”(20YJC790197)。


Technical Efficiency Measurement and Influence Factor Analysis of Family Farm Based on SFA
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    摘要:

    运用“一步法”随机前沿SFA模型,实证探究603户家庭农场的技术效率及其影响因素,并就不同农业要素配置方式与农场技术效率的关系进行考察。结果表明:土地、劳动力、资本投入对农业生产均产生了显著的影响,但农场综合技术效率的大小较多地依赖资金规模效率;农场平均技术效率值为0.58,存在42%的技术效率损失;不同农业要素配置方式对农场技术效率变化有显著的影响。相对于无土地转入户,土地转入户有着更高的经营技术效率;相对于无非农就业户,非农就业户有着更高的经营技术效率;农场主的年龄和文化程度对农场技术效率具有显著负向影响,种植经济作物、采纳新型农业技术、制定生产技术标准、加入农民合作社、注册商标品牌、建立稳定的销售渠道对农场技术效率具有显著提升作用。为进一步提高农业技术效率和要素配置效率,应加快农村土地流转市场化进程,推动农业劳动力向非农产业转移,而作为农场经营者则应积极转变观念与创新管理方式,不断提高农场管理水平和经营技术效率。

    Abstract:

    The “one-step method” SFA model was used to empirically explore the technical efficiency of 603 family farms and its influencing factors,and analyze the relationship between different agricultural factor allocation modes and the technical efficiency of farms.The results show that:the input of land,labor force and capital has a significant effect on agricultural production,but the comprehensive technical efficiency of farm depends largely on the efficiency of capital scale; the average technical efficiency of the farm is 0.58 with a 42% loss; different agricultural factor allocation makes a difference in the change of farm technical efficiency; compared with no-land transfer households,land transfer households have higher management technology efficiency while compared with agricultural employment households,non-agricultural employment households have higher management technology efficiency; the farmer’s age and educational level have a significant negative effect on the technical efficiency of the farm; such strategies as setting production standards,creating trademark brands,establishing stable marketing channels and encouraging the farmers to plant cash crop,use new agricultural technologies and join farmers’ cooperatives have significantly improved the farm’s technical efficiency.Main conclusion:in order to further improve the efficiency of agricultural technology and factor allocation,we should accelerate the process of rural land circulation and marketization and promote the transfer of agricultural labor force to non-agricultural industries.Farm operators should also change their ideas and management methods to improve the level of farm management and agricultural technology efficiency.

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吴 方.基于SFA的家庭农场技术效率测度与影响因素分析[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(06):48-56

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-11-11
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