家庭代际关系类型及其城乡差异分析
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华中科技大学自主创新研究基金人文项目“代际互动对农村老年人健康状况的影响研究”(2016AC042)。


Types of Intergenerational Relations of the Families and Its Differences Between Urban and Rural Areas
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    摘要:

    利用2016年中国老年社会追踪调查(CLASS)数据,采用潜在类别分析方法,从家庭整体视角对老年人家庭代际关系类型及其城乡差异进行了分析。结果显示,家庭整体视角下三种代际关系类型(紧密型、赡养有间型和疏离型)的共同特点是子女均为父母提供了高频的经济与情感支持,代际空间距离的扩大是形成赡养有间型和疏离型的重要因素。代际关系类型具有显著的城乡差异,城市占主导是紧密型,农村占主导是赡养有间型。代际关系类型影响因素的分析结果显示,无论城乡,高龄老人与子女更有可能成为紧密型,患有慢性病的老年人更有可能与子女成为赡养有间型,失能以及丧偶的老年人不太可能与子女成为疏离型,儿子与女儿数目的增多显著降低家庭成为紧密型的可能性;此外,结果还显示老年人独立住房的拥有增加了城市家庭成为紧密型的可能性,但是降低了农村家庭成为紧密型的可能性。

    Abstract:

    Based on the data from the China Longitudinal Ageing Social Survey conducted in 2016,using Latent Class Analysis,this study analyzes the urban-rural differences in the types of intergenerational relations from a whole family perspective.Results show that the common characteristics of the three types of intergenerational relations (tight-knit,support but distant,and detached) from the perspective of whole family are that children have provided their parents with high-frequency financial and emotional support,and the increasing space barrier between generations contributes to the formation of “support but distant” type and “detached” type.The relationship types have significant urban-rural differences with urban areas dominated by the type of tight-knit,and rural areas dominated by the type of support but distant.The results of the analysis on the determinant factors of intergenerational relationship types show that,in both urban and rural areas,the oldest old are more likely to form the tight-knit structure with their children,older adults with chronic diseases are more likely to go into support but distant type with their children,the disabled and widowed older adults are less likely to become detached from their children,and the possibility of family becoming the tight-knit type is quite low in terms of older adults with more number of sons and daughters.Moreover,older adults’ ownership of independent housing increases the possibility of urban families becoming the type of tight-knit,but reduces the possibility of rural families being such type.

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郭秋菊,谢娅婷,李树茁.家庭代际关系类型及其城乡差异分析[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(06):120-127

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-11-11
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