新中国成立以来农户土地经营规模大小:演变历程、现实逻辑与未来展望
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国家社会科学基金项目“农民工家庭‘链式迁移’与城市接纳方式研究”(16BJY102)。


The Scale of Farmers’ Land Management since 1949:Evolution Processes,Realistic Logic and Prospect in the Future
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    摘要:

    围绕农户土地经营规模这一经典命题,在文献研究基础上,分别选取户均总耕地面积10倍和农业竞争力作为农户土地经营规模大小界定标准和现实逻辑视角,对新中国成立以来农户土地经营规模变化的5个阶段性的演变历程进行了回顾,即从大小规模并存向小规模发展、从小规模向大规模发展、大规模经营、从大规模走向小规模及土地适度经营规模。归纳出农户土地经营规模大小的经济、制度及禀赋3个方面的现实逻辑。认为中国农户土地经营规模大小不仅应适度,而且宜大则大,宜小则小;同时,在未来若干年内,农户土地经营规模将大小并存;大土地经营规模农户将成为中国农业生产的主导,小土地经营规模农户仍将是中国农业生产的主体。

    Abstract:

    For the classic proposition of farmers’ land management scale,this paper selects 10 times of average total land area and competitiveness in agriculture as the defining standard of the size of farmers’ land management and the angle of evolution logic respectively according to documentation,and reviews the five stages of the evolution of farmers’ land management scale since 1949,including one from both large and small to small scale,one from small to large scale,a large scale one,one from small to large and a moderate one,summing up the realistic logic of economy,system and endowment of farmers’ land management scale.The research makes it clear that in the future the scale of farmers’ land management in China not only should be moderate but also should be adjusted according to the situation.At the same time,there should be the combination of large scale of land management and small one in the coming years,in which the former will be the leading one while the latter will still be the main body of agricultural production in China.

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陈云飞,冯中朝.新中国成立以来农户土地经营规模大小:演变历程、现实逻辑与未来展望[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(06):128-135

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-11-11
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