化解“半城镇化”和推进新型城镇化需要实现农民工的城市融入，发达地区在推进“人口城镇化”方面走在全国前列。 以江苏省为例，通过2019年在江苏省13个地市开展的调查，基于2 129份问卷探讨了宅基地财产性收益对农民工城市融入的影响。研究发现：农民工留城定居意愿强烈，但户口迁入意愿不高。宅基地财产性收益现值越高，越有助于农民工选择留城和将户口迁入城市；宅基地预期补偿性收益越高，农民工留城意愿和户口迁入意愿越低，表明宅基地财产性收益对农民工城市融入的影响不可忽视。此外，宅基地财产性收益对不同代际农民工的城市融入有差异化影响。研究结论意味着可变现的宅基地财产性收益会助推农民工融入城市，而预期宅基地被征用时能获得补偿会成为农民工融入城市的羁绊。提出为有效推进新型城镇化，在宅基地“三权分置”的政策背景下，一方面应逐步放开宅基地使用权流转限制和鼓励农房交易，让农民工带着财产进城；另一方面需加快出台宅基地有偿退出政策，防止宅基地问题悬而不决迟滞中国城镇化进程。
Resolving “semi-urbanization” and advancing new urbanization requires the integration of migrant workers into cities. Developed regions take lead of the country in advancing “population urbanization”. Take Jiangsu Province as an example. Through a survey on 2,129 questionnaires conducted in 13 cities in Jiangsu Province in 2019,the impact of homestead property gains on urban integration of migrant workers was explored. The study found that migrant workers have a strong willingness to stay in the city,but they are not willing to transfer their hukou to the city. The higher the present value of the property income of the homestead,the more helpful it is for migrant workers to choose to stay in the city and transfer their hukou to the city; the higher the expected compensatory income of the homestead,the lower the willingness of migrant workers to stay in the city and transfer their hukou. It indicates that the impact of homestead property income on the integration of migrant workers into the city cannot be ignored. In addition,the property income of the homestead has a differential impact on the urban integration of migrant workers of different generations. The conclusion of the research implies that the realizable property benefits of homesteads will help migrant workers to integrate into the city,and the expected compensation for homesteads will become the fetters for migrant workers to integrate into the city. In order to promote the new urbanization,the following suggestions are proposed under the “three-rights separation” policy for homesteads. On the one hand,restrictions on the transfer of homestead use rights should be gradually eased and farm house transactions should be encouraged,helping migrant workers to bring their property into the city; on the other hand,it is necessary to expedite the introduction of a paid withdrawal policy for homesteads to prevent the unresolved problem of homesteads from delaying China’s urbanization process.
钱 龙,周 宁,章 莉.助推还是羁绊：宅基地财产性收益对农民工城市融入的影响[J].华中农业大学学报（社科）,2021,(1):16-25复制