中国与“一带一路”沿线国家农产品产业内贸易及其影响因素研究
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国家自然科学基金项目“贸易开放背景下世界主粮贸易演进机理及中国对策:基于社会网络的视角”(71703157);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项“中国与‘一带一路’沿线国家农产品贸易合作的可利用程度研究”(161005202004-2-2)


Agricultural Intra-Industry Trade Between China and Countries Along the “Belt and Road” and Its Influencing Factors
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    摘要:

    采用G-L指数、BI指数、MIIT指数和VIIT指数,测算了2000-2018年中国与“一带一路”沿线国家农产品产业内贸易状况,并实证分析了农产品产业内贸易的影响因素。结果表明,中国与沿线国家农产品产业内贸易水平整体上较低,但双方半数类别农产品以产业内贸易为主;中国与沿线国家农产品贸易增量主要源自产业间贸易,产业内贸易的作用也在加强;垂直型产业内贸易是中国与沿线国家农产品产业内贸易增量的主要源泉,其作用在“一带一路”倡议提出后明显增强;中国与沿线各地区农产品产业内贸易存在明显地区差异,与东南亚、南亚在“一带一路”倡议提出后以产业内贸易为主,与西亚及埃及、中亚及蒙古、中东欧及西欧则一直以产业间贸易为主;相对经济规模、贸易距离、产品差异度、市场对外开放度、外商投资、贸易不均衡、收入不平等、“一带一路”倡议提出和自由贸易协定签署均显著影响中国与沿线国家农产品产业内贸易。

    Abstract:

    G-L index,BI index,MIIT index and VIIT index are used to measure agricultural intra-industry trade between China and Countries along the “Belt and Road” (simply referred as “the Countries”) from 2000 to 2018,and its influencing factors are further empirically analyzed. The results indicate that the total level of agricultural intra-industry trade between China and the Countries is relatively low,but it still involves almost half of the agricultural products of both sides. The increment of agricultural trade between China and the Countries mainly comes from inter-industry trade,and the effect of intra-industry trade tends to be increasingly noticeable in which the vertical intra-industry trade is the major contributor which has shown significant increase since the launch of the “Belt and Road” Initiative. There are obvious regional differences in agricultural trade between China and the Countries. The trade with South East Asia and South Asia is mainly intra-industry trade since the launch of “Belt and Road” Initiative,while with West Asia and Egypt,Central Asia and Mongolia,and Central and Eastern Europe and Western Europe is always inter-industry trade. Other factors that have significant impact on agricultural intra-industry trade between China and the Countries are relative economic scale,trade distance,product differences,market outward-ward openness,foreign investment,trade imbalance,income inequality,launch of the “Belt and Road” Initiative and signing of free trade agreement.

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孙致陆,李先德,李思经.中国与“一带一路”沿线国家农产品产业内贸易及其影响因素研究[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(1):57-68

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-01-11
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