小农户农业生产环节外包的主观意愿与客观程度的差异研究
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国家自然科学基金面上项目“社会化服务对农业经营主体生产效率的影响机制与政策选择研究”(71773134);国家自然科学基金面上项目“基于所有者与惠顾者同一性程度的中国农民合作社演化机理与政策设计研究”(72073135)


A Study on the Gap Between Small Farmers’ Willingness and Actual Practice in Agricultural Production Outsourcing
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    摘要:

    农业生产环节外包日益成为推进农业规模化经营的重要途径。基于山东临沂小麦种植户的实地调研数据,采用截尾回归模型,对农户主观外包意愿和客观外包程度产生巨大差异的原因进行了实证分析。结论表明,农户采纳农业生产环节外包的主客观差异巨大的主要原因是信息不对称、供给需求矛盾和农户土地禀赋差异。当小农户不能客观认知或者市场不能满足其服务需求,主客观差异就会增大。因此政府应当促进农户对社会化服务的正确认知,同时推动各类型服务主体发展,从而增加农业社会化服务产业的广度,促进社会化服务市场供求平衡。

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    Agricultural production outsourcing has increasingly become an important way to promote large-scale agricultural management. This paper uses a censored regression model to conduct an empirical analysis of the reasons for the big gap between farmers’ willingness for outsourcing and their actual practice based on the field survey data of wheat growers in Linyi,Shandong. The conclusions show that the main reasons are the information asymmetry,the contradiction between supply and demand,and the difference in farmer’s land endowment. These findings provide a useful reference for promoting the balance of supply and demand in the agricultural social service market. When the small farmers cannot objectively understand or the market cannot meet their service needs,the gap between their willingness and actual practice will increase. Therefore,the government should promote farmers’ correct understanding of social services and promote the development of various types of services so as to expand the agricultural socialized service industry and promote the balance of supply and demand in the socialized service market.

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钟 真,施臻韬,曹世祥.小农户农业生产环节外包的主观意愿与客观程度的差异研究[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(1):81-89

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-01-11
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