中国农村家庭能源贫困的经济效应研究
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国家社会科学基金重点项目“建立解决相对贫困长效机制的财税政策研究”(20AZD078);国家自然科学基金面上项目“相对贫困的财税治理研究”(72073081)


Economic Impacts of Energy Poverty on Rural Households in China
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    摘要:

    选取家庭做饭燃料、照明、家电服务、娱乐/教育和通信五个维度来构造多维能源贫困指数并对多维能源贫困的决定因素进行了考查;能源贫困的福利效应分析中利用工具变量2SLS方法研究了电力可及性对农村家庭消费、收入的影响,基于分层Logit模型探讨了电力可及性、家庭做饭燃料对农村个体健康、教育的影响。结果显示:多维能源贫困指数随时间的推移呈现下降态势,家庭做饭燃料的贡献率稳步下降,照明的贡献率在各个年份中均不足1%,家电服务(以是否有冰箱衡量)的贡献率稳步下降,近年来通信维度的贡献率比其他维度的贡献率大;家庭规模、户主特征、居住地区等变量对多维能源贫困有显著影响。电力可及性对农村消费及收入提升均具有非常重要的影响,农村家庭中不清洁的烹饪能源使个体受教育程度显著下降并增加了不健康的概率。

    Abstract:

    The multidimensional energy poverty index(MEPI)is constructed by considering five dimensions (cooking,lighting,home appliances services,entertainment/education and communication) and the determinants of multidimensional energy poverty are examined. The instrumental variable 2SLS method is used to study the impact of electricity accessibility on rural household consumption and income in the welfare effect analysis. Using multilevel logit models,this paper examines the impact of electricity accessibility and cooking fuels on rural health and education. The results show that MEPI has a downward trend over time. The contribution of cooking fuel and home appliances (mainly refrigerators) has declined steadily,and that of lighting is less than 1%,while the contribution of communication is larger than that of other dimensions. The family size,household characteristics,and residence areas have significant effects on MEPI. It is found that electricity accessibility has a highly significant effect on rural income and consumption levels. The unclean cooking energy in rural households has significantly reduces the level of individual education and increases the probability of ill health.

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解 垩.中国农村家庭能源贫困的经济效应研究[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(1):99-108

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-01-11
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