子代教育、社会网络与收入代际流动性
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国家社会科学基金重大项目“以教育发展促进收入代际流动性的机制与政策研究”(19ZDA066)


Offspring’s Education,Social Network and Inter-generational Mobility of Income
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    摘要:

    社会阶层分化背景下,收入代际良性流动能缩小收入差距,促进社会公平。采用2018年中国家庭追踪调查(CFPS)数据,探讨子代教育和社会网络对收入代际流动性的影响。结果显示:子代教育和社会网络均能促进收入代际向上流动,前者作用较后者更大,二者交互变量的影响显著为正。进一步研究发现:提升子代受教育水平是城乡居民、东西部地区及中低收入家庭实现收入代际向上流动的主要途径,而社会网络对农村、中部地区及中等收入家庭的促进作用更为显著。面向教育和社会网络,城乡居民应结合地域及自身资源,充分借力教育促进子女实现收入代际向上流动;中部地区和高收入群体要提升子代教育质量,提高教育促进收入代际流动性的彰显度;低收入家庭亟需迈向中等收入群体,继而融合教育和社会网络力量以达到收入代际跃迁。

    Abstract:

    Against the background of social stratification,the benign inter-generational mobility of income can narrow the income gap and promote social equity. Based on the data of China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) in 2018,this paper explores the impact of offspring’s education and social network on inter-generational mobility of income. The results show that both offspring’s education and social network can promote the upward inter-generational mobility of income. The former plays a greater role than the latter,and the interaction variable of them have a significant positive effect. Upon further analysis,we find that improving the offspring’s education level is the main way for residents from both urban and rural areas,families from both eastern and western regions and middle-and-low-income families to realize the upward inter-generational mobility of income,and the social network has a significant effect on families from rural areas and central region as well as middle-income families. Therefore,urban and rural residents should combine regional and their own resources to make full use of education to promote upward inter-generational mobility of income. Families from the central region and the high-income group should improve the quality of offspring’s education and enhance the significance of offspring’s education promoting inter-generational mobility of income. The low-income families should strive to move up into the middle-income group,and then integrate education and social network forces to achieve the inter-generational income transition.

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陈新忠,周静玉.子代教育、社会网络与收入代际流动性[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(1):120-129

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-01-11
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