扶贫政策与农业经济高质量增长
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国家社会科学基金后期资助项目“‘一带一路’倡议的共同化发展愿景研究”(19FJLB036);兰州大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目“农民合作社创新发展研究——以肉羊产业为例”(18LZUJBWYJ060)。


Poverty Alleviation Policies and High-Quality Agricultural Economic Growth
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    摘要:

    扶贫政策推动农业经济高质量增长是后扶贫时代相对贫困治理的重要途径。基于2012年发布的集中连片特困地区县市名单,将是否进入该名单作为获得倾斜性扶持政策的识别变量,采用甘肃省86个县市2009-2017年的数据以及双重差分法,分析扶贫政策是否促进了农业经济高质量增长。结果表明:扶贫政策对集中连片特困地区的农业经济增长具有显著的正向促进作用;但是,扶贫政策对农业产业结构和农业技术效率并未产生显著影响;扶贫政策在干旱地区、少数民族聚居贫困县的政策绩效要好于湿润区和非少数民族聚居贫困县;同时,随着倾斜性扶持政策的持续实施,扶贫政策对农业经济的促进作用越来越强。总体而言,扶贫政策未有效推动农业经济高质量增长,在相对贫困治理过程中需要对政策进行适当调整。

    Abstract:

    Poverty alleviation policy promoting the high-quality growth of agricultural economy is an important way to manage relative poverty in the post poverty relief era. Based on the released list of counties and cities in concentrated and contiguous poverty-stricken areas in 2012,considering whether they are included in the list as the identification variable of the inclined support policy,the DID method is used to analyze whether pro-poor policies promote high-quality agricultural growth by using the data of 86 counties and cities in Gansu province from 2009 to 2017. The results show that poverty alleviation policy has a significant positive effect on agricultural economic growth in concentrated and contiguous poverty-stricken areas,however,it has no significant impact on agricultural industrial structure and agricultural technical efficiency. The policy performance of the poverty alleviation policies in arid areas and poverty-stricken counties inhabited by ethnic minorities is better than that in humid areas and poverty-stricken counties inhabited by non-ethnic minorities. At the same time,with the continuous implementation of the preferential support policy,the poverty alleviation policy plays an increasingly strong role in promoting the agricultural economy. Overall,poverty alleviation policies have not effectively promoted high-quality agricultural economic growth,and appropriate policy adjustments are needed in the process of relative poverty management.

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姜安印,杨志良.扶贫政策与农业经济高质量增长[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(2):13-22

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-15
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