农业生产托管薄弱环节补贴能否提高农户全程托管意愿?——以农业病虫害防治补贴为例
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农业农村部委托项目“农业生产托管补助方式研究”(102019029)


Can Subsidies for Weak Links of Agricultural Production Trusteeship Improves the Farmers’ Willingness of Whole process Trusteeship?——A Case Study on Agricultural Pest Control Subsidy
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    摘要:

    农业生产托管补贴的政策目标之一是通过补助小农户购买农作物生产的关键及薄弱环节托管服务,以补齐农业生产托管中的短板,引导农户生产经营方式逐渐从单环节托管、多环节托管向全程托管转变。基于中国三个病虫害防治托管补贴试点区的农户调查数据,探讨农业生产托管薄弱环节补贴是否会提高农户的全程托管意愿,同时甄别了补贴对家庭不同土地规模化和老龄化程度的农户的影响差异。结果表明:在耕种收等劳动密集型生产环节托管比例较高的背景下,农业生产托管薄弱环节补贴对农户全程托管意愿具有正向激励作用。农户对薄弱环节托管服务的经济效益认知越高、教育水平越高,其全程托管意愿越高。一兼农户比纯农户的全程托管意愿高。土地规模化程度对农户全程托管意愿的促进作用在自有农机的调节效应下得到减弱。托管补贴对家庭土地高规模化和高老龄化组的农户全程托管意愿影响显著。为此,应逐步扩大农业生产托管薄弱环节补贴覆盖面,补贴应重点关注土地规模化程度高和老龄化程度高的农户家庭。同时,应规范服务标准,降低服务价格,激励农户的潜在服务需求,使得农户从劳动密集型生产环节托管、技术密集型服务托管向全程托管转变。

    Abstract:

    One of the objectives of agricultural production trusteeship subsidy is to make up for the limitation in agricultural production trust by subsidizing small farmers to purchase trust services for key and weak links in crop production and guide farmers to change their production mode from single-link trusteeship and multi-link trusteeship to whole process trusteeship. Based on the field survey data of the pilot areas of agricultural pest control subsidy in Jiaxing city of Zhejiang province,Changde city of Hunan province and Suzhou city of Anhui province,the article analyzes the impact of subsidies for weak links of agricultural production trusteeship on farmers’ willingness of whole process trusteeship and also screens the differences in the impact of subsidies on farmers with different degrees of household land size and old age. The results show that the weak link of agricultural production trusteeship subsidy has a positive effect on farmers’ willingness of whole process trusteeship against the background of a high proportion of trusteeship in labor intensive production links such as cultivation and harvesting. The higher level of cognition toward benefit of weak link trusteeship and farmers’ education,the higher level of farmers’ willingness of whole process trusteeship. The part-time farmers have higher willingness of whole process trusteeship than pure farmers. With the moderating effect of farmers owning agricultural machinery,the positive effect of large-scale of agricultural land on farmers’ willingness of whole process trusteeship is gradually weakened. The subsidy has significant impact on farmers’ whole process trusteeship,which is mainly reflected in the high-scale group of agricultural land and high-age group. Therefore,the government should expand the coverage of subsidies for the weak link of agricultural production trusteeship and especially focus on the farmers’ families which have higher land scale and higher degree of aging. The government should standardize services and lower the service price,in order to shift farmers’ agricultural operation from labor intensive trusteeship and technology intensive trusteeship to whole process trusteeship.

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韩 青,孟 婷,刘起林.农业生产托管薄弱环节补贴能否提高农户全程托管意愿?——以农业病虫害防治补贴为例[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(2):71-79

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-15
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