就业质量、社会信任与农民工主观幸福感研究
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国家自然科学基金项目“新型城镇化背景下进城农民工家庭生计转型:基于可持续生计框架”(71673303)


Studies on the Effect of Employment Quality and Social Trust on Migrant Workers’ Subjective Well-being
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    摘要:

    提升农民工主观幸福感,对我国全面建成小康社会具有助推作用。基于2015年CGSS数据构建o-logit模型考察农民工就业质量、社会信任对主观幸福感的主效应与交互效应,并使用工具变量法消除了研究可能存在的内生性问题。结果表明:(1)农民工就业质量能显著影响主观幸福感。高工作回报、短工作时间、自由的工作环境、明确的工作保障、稳定的工作状态是农民工获得幸福的重要渠道。(2)社会信任程度较高的农民工,其主观幸福感也相对较高。(3)农民工的工作回报、工作时间与对邻居、亲戚、一起参加业余活动人士的信任度存在交互效应,表现为农民工对邻居、亲戚的信任能够增强收入对主观幸福感的正向影响;对邻居、一起参加业余活动人士的信任则能够缓解工作时间对主观幸福感的负面影响。提出政府应从加大维护农民工收入、社会保障力度,丰富农民工精神生活等多个方面入手,提高农民工群体的幸福感。

    Abstract:

    Improving the subjective well-being of migrant workers has a boosting effect on building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. Based on the CGSS data in 2015,this paper constructs an o-logit model to investigate the main effect and interaction effect of migrant workers’ employment quality and social trust on subjective well-being,and uses the instrumental variable method to eliminate the possible endogenous problems. The results are as follows:1) The employment qualities of migrant workers have a significant effect on subjective well-being among which high work reward,short working hours,free working environment,clear job security and stable working state contribute greatly to migrant workers’ happiness. 2) Migrant workers with higher social trust have higher subjective well-being and the social trust of migrant workers has a differential order pattern. 3) There are interactive effects between migrant workers’work reward,working hours and their trust in neighbors,relatives and people who participate in amateur activities together. The results show that migrant workers’ trust in neighbors and relatives can enhance the positive impact of income on subjective well-being and trust in neighbors and people who participate in amateur activities can alleviate the negative impact of working hours on subjective wellbeing. Therefore,the government should increase the maintenance of migrant workers’ income and social security and enrich the spiritual life of migrant workers and other aspects to improve the happiness of migrant workers.

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张经纬,陈 志,丁士军.就业质量、社会信任与农民工主观幸福感研究[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(2):128-137

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-15
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