政治联系如何影响农地长期投资
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国家现代农业产业技术建设专项“中国苹果产业经济研究”(CARS-28)


How Political Connections Can Affect Long-term Investment in Farmland
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    摘要:

    在经济转型过程中,政府控制多种生产要素的使用和配置,影响农地长期投资收益可得性及大小,进而决定农地长期投资。鉴于此,利用762户农户层面的微观调查数据,实证分析政治联系对农地长期投资的影响机理。结果发现,政治联系密切有助于显著促进农地长期投资。在影响机制上,一方面政治联系密切有助于提高农地租赁契约正式化水平,促进第三方参与农地流转,改善农地产权风险预期,从而刺激农地长期投资;另一方面,政治联系密切有助于改善土地、借贷、农业补贴和农业保险等生产要素的可得性,从而刺激农地长期投资。得出在经济转型期,政治联系密切改善地权稳定性和生产要素可得性,促进农地长期投资,但政治联系密切导致生产要素使用及配置的“精英俘获”问题,造成收入分配不公及社会福利损失。提出政府应完善农地确权颁证相关工作,依法规范农地租赁契约;同时培育农村要素市场,发挥价格机制的主导作用。

    Abstract:

    In the process of economic transformation,the government usually controls the use and allocation of various production factors which influence the accessibility and size of the returns of long-term investment in farmland and consequently,determine long-term investment in farmland. Therefore,this paper uses the survey data of 762 farmers to empirically test the influences of political connections on long-term investment in farmland. The results showed that closer political connections could significantly boost long-term investment in farmland. In terms of influencing mechanism,on the one hand,closer political connections could significantly increase the level of contract formalization and promote the participation of third parties in the farmland transfer,which improved the expectation of the risk of farmland property rights. On the other hand,closer political connections could improve significantly the availability of production factors such as land,loans,agricultural subsidies and agricultural insurance and thus promote long-term investment in farmland. It is concluded that during the period of economic transition,the closer political ties are conducive to improving the stability of land ownership and the availability of production factors,which can promote long-term investment in farmland. But the closer political ties lead to the problem of “elite capture” in the use and allocation of production factors,which results in unfair income distribution and the losses of social welfare. Therefore,it is suggested that the relevant farmland confirmation and registration should be perfected,and farmland rental contracts should be formal and standardized in accordance with the law; meanwhile rural factor markets should be developed,and the role of price mechanism should be given full play.

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李星光,薛 文,霍学喜*.政治联系如何影响农地长期投资[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(2):156-164

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-15
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