城市轨道交通土地价值增值时空效应及政府投资优先序——基于价值捕获视角
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国家自然科学基金项目“农地城市流转中价值创造过程、价值捕获机制与利益共享政策研究”(71873053)


Temporal and Spatial Effects of Land Value Increment of Urban Rail Transit and Investment Priority——From the Perspective of Government Land Value Capture
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    摘要:

    城市轨道交通对周边土地价值产生显著的空间效应和时间效应。以武汉市土地出让样本和城市POI数据为基础,建立特征价格模型,测算总体-郊区-主城区以及不同地类轨道交通溢价效应影响范围和强度的差异性,进一步研究政府在何时出售轨道交通影响范围内地块能获取最大溢价,为政府土地价值捕获政策下的土地供应提供规划策略和思路。结果表明:(1)在空间上,轨道交通土地价值增值影响范围呈现出郊区(1200米)大于主城区(800米),居住用地价值增值对轨道交通可达性依赖度大于商业用地;(2)在时间上,轨道交通可达性引致土地价值资本化在其开通后5~10年到达峰值,居住用地增值时间过程较商业用地平缓;(3)不同地类土地价值增值差异明显,商住混合用地>住宅用地>商业用地,工业用地对土地价值影响则为负。研究结论:政府适度向城郊延长轨道交通既可以节约边际成本,又可以缓解中心城区的交通拥堵,还能加强城市中心与外围相互作用与经济联系,促进城乡统筹发展,提高政府投资效益;政府提前5~10年储备土地可最大程度捕获土地价值,回收投资;政府轨道交通规划应该优先布局在人口稠密和经济活动活跃的商住功能区。

    Abstract:

    Urban rail transit construction will have spillover effects on the land along the lines. Based on sample of land transfer data and the city POI data in Wuhan,this paper makes use of the hedonic price models to explore the scope and density of impact of rail transit premium among overall-suburban-urban areas and different types of land. Furthermore,this article studies when the government can obtain the maximum premium for selling land plots in the area under the influence of rail transit,and provides planning strategies and ideas for land supply under the government’s land value capture policy. The results are as follows:1) Spatially,the impact of rail transit on suburban land values is greater than that on the urban area,moreover the increment of residential land value is more sensitive to the change of distances from rail transit than that of commercial land. 2) Temporally,the accessibility of urban rail transit will have the largest impact on land value 5-10 years after the opening of rail transit. The increase of residential land value is flatter than that of commercial land in the process of capitalization. 3) The commercial land,residential land and mix land have positive spillover effects while industrial land has a negative impact on land value. It is concluded that the government should extend the rail transit to the suburbs,which can not only save marginal cost and alleviate the traffic congestion in the urban area,but also strengthen the interaction and economic connection between the urban center and the periphery and promote the integrated development of urban and rural areas and improve the efficiency of government investment. Moreover,the government can capture the land value to the greatest extent as well as recover the public investment of subway by reserving land 5-10 years before the opening of rail transit. In addition,the government’s rail transit planning should give priority to the commercial and residential functional areas with dense population and active economic activities.

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王 迎,张安录*.城市轨道交通土地价值增值时空效应及政府投资优先序——基于价值捕获视角[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(2):165-173

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-15
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