环保督察背景下基层政府的环境治理逻辑
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国家社会科学基金项目“城乡一体化进程中的农村变迁研究”(13ASH007)。


Environmental Governance Logic of Grassroots Government under the Background of Environmental Supervision
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    摘要:

    在环保督察的政治背景下,基层政府的组织环境发生了重要变化,表现为基层政府环境治理的“共谋”结构被规制,环境治理上升为基层政府的中心政治任务。通过对山东省中镇“污染搬迁”的案例研究发现,基层政府的环境治理嵌入到多重组织逻辑——完成任务逻辑、资源约束逻辑、避责逻辑和公益逻辑的复合作用之中,表现为“拼凑策略”和“目标嵌套”的行为样态,基层政府的环境治理呈现为被动性、摸索性和权变性。作为高位权力的环保督察虽然调适了基层政府的组织环境,使环境治理成为基层政府的强治理事项,但基层政府“赋责不赋权”的局面尚未根本改观。基层政府应合理调整环境治理权责分配机制,建立程序公正和公众赋权的环境治理体系,形成政府和社会共同参与环境治理的格局,以真正推进基层政府环境治理的现代化。

    Abstract:

    Under the political background of environmental supervision,the organizational environment of grass-roots government has seen great changes as represented by the “collusion” structure of environmental governance of grass-roots government being regulated,and environmental governance turning into the central political task of grass-roots government.Based on the case study of the “pollution relocation” in the Z zhen town of Shandong Province,it is found that the environmental governance of the grass-roots government is embedded in multiple organizational logic—the logic of completing tasks,resource constraints,avoiding responsibility and public welfare,which shows the behavioral characteristics of the “bricolage” and “target nesting”.The environmental governance of the grass-roots government shows passivity,simplicity and variability.Environmental supervision has adjusted the organizational structure of the grass-roots government and made environmental governance a strong governing item of the grass-roots government,but the situation of the “accountability and non empowerment” of the grass-roots government has not fundamentally changed.The grass-roots government should reasonably adjust the distribution mechanism of power and responsibilities of environmental governance and establish a fair procedure and public empowerment environmental governance system to form a pattern of government and society participating in environmental governance,so as to truly promote the modernization of environmental governance of grass-roots government.

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张明皓.环保督察背景下基层政府的环境治理逻辑[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(4):20-28

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-07-06
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