基层协商式民主自治的实践方式及形成机制实证研究
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教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目“文化传统在法治中国建设中的创造性转化研究”(17JJD820004)。


Practice Mode and Formation Mechanism of Consultative Democratic Autonomy at Grass-roots Level
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    摘要:

    基于对苏南Q村基层民主自治实践情况的实证研究,通过访谈、观察和对相关制度性文件的整理,发现Q村在村级治理行政化的背景下,自治与行政之间并未产生冲突,行政也未消解自治。其民主自治实践具有运行实体化、参与平等化、决策协商化的特征。Q村的协商式民主自治实践能够有效促进民主参与,促进意见协商。通过研究表明,协商式民主自治的萌发源于行政治理的瓶颈与集体土地经济的发展。协商式民主自治的制度化经过了行政发现和培育的过程。Q村的经验不止具有个案意义,随着行政治理手段瓶颈的加深和新《土地管理法》对集体土地经济的激活,村民和国家将从内外两方面对民主自治产生需求。村级治理需要回归自治,发挥协商民主自治的功能。

    Abstract:

    This study is based on the empirical research on the practice of grassroots democratic autonomy of Q village in southern Jiangsu Province.Through interviews,observation and scrutinizing the relevant institutional documents,it is found that there is no conflict between autonomy and administration in the context of “administrativization” of village governance and the administration has not counteracted autonomy.The practice of democratic autonomy is characterized by materialization of operation,equality in participation and consultation in decision-making.The practice of consultative democratic autonomy in Q village can effectively promote democratic participation and consultation.The research shows that deliberative democratic autonomy originated from the bottleneck of administrative governance and the development of collective land economy.The institutionalization of deliberative democratic autonomy has gone through the process of administrative discovery and cultivation.The experience of Q village is not only of case significance.With the deepening of the bottleneck of administrative means and the activation of collective land economy by the new land management law,villagers and the state will demand democratic autonomy from both inside and outside.Village governance needs to return to autonomy and play the role of consultative democratic autonomy.

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孙冲.基层协商式民主自治的实践方式及形成机制实证研究[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(4):127-136

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-07-06
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