新冠肺炎疫情下全球农业食物系统的重新思考
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Rethinking the Global Food System under COVID-19
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    摘要:

    当前全球食物系统已经受到诸多威胁,新冠肺炎疫情使食物系统更加脆弱,同时敲响了重新思考未来农业食物系统的警钟,世界进入多危机并存的复合型风险时代,增强食物系统的“韧性”至关重要。文章全面介绍了当前全球食物和营养安全面临的现状,分析了新冠肺炎疫情对全球食物和营养安全带来的挑战,并对未来全球农业食物系统的发展着力点进行了思考。截至2019年,全球有6.9亿人遭受饥饿困扰,20亿人无法正常获取安全、营养、充足的食物,1.44亿儿童发育不良;新冠肺炎疫情的大流行破坏了全球食物供应链,使弱势群体遭受重创,饥饿人数大幅度增加;未来食物系统应当是高效高产、低碳、健康营养、韧性、可持续并具有包容性的生产系统,其中“韧性”对于应对新冠肺炎等冲击并从中恢复至关重要,文章从技术、政策、制度、贸易等方面阐述了增强未来农业食物系统韧性需要重点关注的方向。

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    The global food system has already been under multiple threats even before the outbreak of COVID-19. The epidemic has made the food system even more vulnerable. It has led many to rethink of the future global food system. The world has entered an era of complex risks with multiple crises coexisting,thus strengthening resilience of the global food system is crucial. This article first reviews the current state of global food and nutrition security. Then,the challenges brought by the coronavirus to global food and nutrition security are analyzed. Finally,the article proposes policy recommendations to strengthen the resilience of the future global food system.As of 2019,690 million people worldwide are suffering from hunger,2 billion people are unable to obtain safe,nutritious and adequate food,and 144 million children are stunted.The pandemic of the coronavirus has disrupted the world food supply chain and has caused severe damage to disadvantaged groups,and the number of hungry people has increased significantly. The future global food system should be efficient,high productive,low carbon,healthy and nutritious,resilient,sustainable and inclusive,in which “resilience” is important for coping with and recover from shocks like COVID-19. This article proposes several key recommendations in order to strengthen the resilience of the global agricultural and food system in the future including those in technology,policies,institutions,and trade.

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樊胜根,高海秀.新冠肺炎疫情下全球农业食物系统的重新思考[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(5):1-8

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  • 收稿日期:2020-08-20
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-09-12
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