决策行为视角下农地流转对农户收入的影响——来自湖北省东部9县(市/区)的证据
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国家自然科学基金项目“产权制度激励下农户土地流转决策行为的形成机理、福利效应与政策供给”(71973050);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“农地土地流转中农地转移人口与农户福祉比较与福利均衡研究”(17YJA630075)。


The Impact of Land Transfer on Farmers’ Income based on the Perspective of Decision-Making Behavior:evidences from 9 counties in eastern Hubei 
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    摘要:

    基于湖北省东部9县(市/区)的农户调研数据,分别运用经济学模型、逻辑回归模型和倾向得分匹配模型解释农村土地流转的动因,分析农户土地流转决策的影响因素,并检验农村土地流转对农户家庭收入水平与收入结构的影响。研究表明:户主文化程度、土地经营面积、农业劳动力人数、政策认知和产权认知对农户转入土地从事规模经营具有显著正向影响,户主年龄、经营类型、养老保险和政策认知是农户转出土地从事非农活动的主要诱因。土地转入和转出均有利于提高农户家庭收入,与非流转户相比,转入户和转出户的家庭收入增长率分别为12.74%和7.57%。农地流转的增收效应在转入户和转出户之间具有显著的结构性差异,前者的经营性收入、工资性收入、转移性收入和财产性收入对家庭增收的贡献率分别为62.87%、26.24%、9.05%和1.84%,后者的贡献率分别为-52.41%、86.99%、25.09%和40.33%。由此提出拓宽农民增收渠道的政策建议:提高土地产权制度激励效应、培育农村多种新型经营主体,并针对不同经营类型的农户采取多元化的农地流转和劳动力扶持政策。

    Abstract:

    To scientifically analyze income changes of farmers’ households after land transfer,this paper explains incentives of decision-making behavior of farmers’ land transfer by micro-economics models,uses binary logistic regression to analyze influencing factors of farmers’ decision on land transfer and uses propensity score matching to test the impact of rural land transfer on farmers’ household income level and income structure based on survey data of rural households of 9 counties (cities/districts) in the eastern part of Hubei province. The results imply that:1) farmers’ education,area of land management,number of people in agricultural labor force,policy cognition and property right cognition have a significant positive impact on farmers’ scale operation of transferred land flow. The age of heads of household,management type,endowment insurance and policy cognition are the main incentives for farmers to low out their land and engage in off-farm activities. 2) Land flows in or out is beneficial to farmers’ household income increase since its income growth rate is 12.74% and 7.57%,respectively,compared with land non-flow farmers. 3) There are significant structural differences in the income growth effect between transfer-in farmers and transfer-out farmers. The former contribution rates of operating income,wage income,transfer income and property income to household income increase are 62.87%,26.24%,9.05% and 1.84%,and the latter contribution rates are -52.41%,88.69%,25.09% and 40.33% respectively. Therefore,this paper puts forward some policy suggestions to broaden the channels of increasing farmers’ income:cultivating new-type agricultural businesses and adopting new transfer patterns to promote the efficiency of agricultural production,and further reforming land tenure policy for different types of farmers.

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彭开丽,程 贺.决策行为视角下农地流转对农户收入的影响——来自湖北省东部9县(市/区)的证据[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(5):132-142

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-09-12
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