全球粮食安全评价体系的深层逻辑分析
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英国国际发展部“中国发展研究网络(CIDRN)二期项目”。


The Deep Logical Analysis of Global Food Security Evaluation System 
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    摘要:

    全球粮食安全形势仍十分严峻,作为全球治理尤其是全球粮农治理的重要手段,粮食安全评价体系近年来受到国际社会的关注,各类国际组织、研究机构和多边利益群体构成的协作机制均参与其中,对其进行深度剖析有助于中国更好地参与全球治理,维护国家粮食安全。通过对联合国粮农组织等治理主体制定的具有广泛国际影响力的评价体系进行研究发现,标准制定、数据搜集和处理以及排名和分类等要素构成了粮食安全评价体系的深层逻辑,并反映出现阶段的全球治理仍然由西方主导。中国在长期政策实践和学术研究中形成了多种粮食安全评价体系,但这些评价体系重点关注粮食的生产和供给,对粮食问题产生的结果关注较少,并且学术界制定的评价体系在国际上缺乏影响力。总体而言,粮食安全评价的效用尚未得到有效发挥,新的全球治理体系亟待确立,而中国等发展中国家的话语和经验应在全球治理体系中受到更多重视。

    Abstract:

    The current global food security situation is still very serious. As an important means of global governance,especially global agriculture and food governance,food security evaluation system has attracted the attention of the international community in recent years. All kinds of international organizations,research institutions and collaborative mechanisms composed of multilateral interest groups have participated in the system,and in-depth analysis will help China better participate in global governance and safeguard national food security. Through analysis of evaluation systems formulated by the governance bodies such as Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,it can be found that elements such as standards setting,data collection and processing,and ranking and classification have formed the deep logic of the system,and reflect that the global governance is still dominated by the west. In China’s long-term policy practice and academic research,a variety of food security evaluation systems have been formulated,but these evaluation systems focus on food production and supply,and pay less attention to the consequences of food issues. Moreover,the evaluation systems developed by the academia have little international influence. In general,it can be found that the effectiveness of food security evaluation has not been fully realized,the new global governance system needs to be established,and the discourse and experience of China and other developing countries should receive more attention in the global governance system.

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唐丽霞,赵文杰,李小云.全球粮食安全评价体系的深层逻辑分析[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2020,(5):151-159

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  • 收稿日期:2019-11-13
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-09-12
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