“十四五”中国农业对外开放:形势、问题与对策
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国家自然科学基金项目“进口依赖型农产品的全球供应链治理与布局优化研究:以大豆为例”(72073129);国家自然科学基金项目“一带一路背景下研究中国和中亚农业合作的方式路径和策略”(71961147001);中国农业科学院科技创新工程“国际农业经济与贸易”(ASTIP-IAED-2020-XT-02,ASTIP-IAED-2020-RC-03


China’s Agricultural Opening-up During the 14th Five-Year Plan Period:Situation,Problem,and Countermeasures
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    摘要:

    农业对外开放是国家以开放化解挑战、促进中国与全球粮食安全的重大举措。在地缘政治竞争加剧、不确定性事件频发等因素的共同作用下,“十四五”全球各国的农业利益分歧仍将延续、发展差距将持续拉大、合作不确定性将显著加强,但依然存在广阔的合作共赢空间。中国农业对外开放需要瞄准国内国际两个维度以及粮食安全、产业竞争力与国际影响力三个层次目标,通过编制“十四五”农业对外合作规划、分区域分产品制定经贸合作策略、提升农业产业链价值链掌控能力、健全农业对外合作支撑与管理平台等手段,着力解决当前农业对外开放存在的渠道掌控力偏弱、风险与成本偏高、政策瓶颈明显、信息不对称突出等主要短板瓶颈,在不确定中寻找确定性、给不稳定的国际农业合作以更多的确定性,方可实现更高水平的农业对外开放。

    Abstract:

    Agricultural opening-up to the outside world is an important measure for the country to meet challenges and promote food security in China and the world. With the combined effects of geopolitical competition,frequent occurrence of uncertain events and other factors,the divergence of global agricultural interests during the 14th Five-Year Plan period will last,the development gap will continue to widen,and the uncertainty of cooperation will be significantly strengthened. However,there is still a broad space for win-win cooperation. The opening-up of China’s agriculture should be oriented towards both domestic and international dimensions and aimed at three-level goals of food security,industrial competitiveness and international influence. By formulating the plan of agricultural cooperation during the 14th Five-Year Plan period,making economic and trade cooperation strategies in different regions and products,enhancing the ability to control the value chain of agricultural industry chain,and improving the support and management platform for agricultural cooperation with foreign companies,China will strive to solve the problems of weak channel control,high risk and cost,obvious policy bottleneck and prominent information asymmetry. Only in this way can we seek certainty in uncertainty and give more certainty to unstable international agricultural cooperation,and then realize a higher level of agricultural opening-up to the outside world.

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陈秧分,钱静斐.“十四五”中国农业对外开放:形势、问题与对策[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(1):49-56

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-01-11
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