巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成果的机制与路径分析——基于全国117个案例的文本研究
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北京市习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心/北京社会科学基金2020年重大项目“中国脱贫模式的成功经验及其对解决世界贫困问题的意义研究”(20LLGLA3)。


Mechanism and Approaches:Analysis on the Consolidation and Expansion of Poverty Elimination Achievements
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    摘要:

    2020年中国脱贫攻坚任务如期全面完成,如何巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成果成为后扶贫时代理论与实践关注的重要话题。各地在实践过程中探索出一系列巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成果与高质量脱贫的创新做法与高效举措。基于全国32省117个扶贫案例,采用文本挖掘法提炼出能够表征各地实践行为要素的案例关键词,并通过分析关键词外部特征反映出各地政府在脱贫攻坚进程中的共性关切与政策聚焦。在此基础上利用扎根理论的方法对各行为要素进行进一步的归纳提升,构建出以落实防贫保障为基础、夯实发展基础为前提、构建长效机制为关键、强化志智双扶为根本、推进产业升级为重心、衔接乡村振兴为目标的“六位一体”的巩固拓展扶贫成果路径。

    Abstract:

    With China’s poverty alleviation task having been fully completed by 2020 as scheduled,how to consolidate and expand the achievements of poverty alleviation has become an important topic of concern in the theoretical and practical circles in the post-poverty alleviation era. In the course of practice,various localities have developed a series of innovative and efficient measures to consolidate and expand the achievements of poverty alleviation and high-quality poverty alleviation. Based on 117 poverty alleviation cases in 32 provinces across China,this paper first extracts case keywords that can represent the practical behavior elements of each region by text mining method,and clarifies the policy practice direction of each region by analyzing the external characteristics of the keywords. On this basis,the method of grounded theory is used to summarize and improve the behavior elements to construct the six-in-one path of consolidating and expanding the achievements of poverty alleviation,including carrying out the poverty prevention as basis,strengthening the foundation of development as precondition,strengthening intelligence and ambition as a fundamental path,promoting industrial upgrading as the focus of work,building the organic connection between rural revitalization and poverty alleviation.

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左 停,李 颖,李世雄.巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成果的机制与路径分析——基于全国117个案例的文本研究[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(2):4-12

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-15
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