家庭负担、性别分工与贫困劳动力就业——基于湖北J县易地扶贫搬迁户的调查
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国家社科科学基金项目“精准扶贫中农村妇女的反贫困实践”(17BSH036)。


Family Burden,Gender Division of Labor and Employment of Poor Labor——Based on the Investigation of Relocated Households in J County,Hubei
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    摘要:

    基于湖北省J县易地扶贫搬迁户劳动力的调查数据,运用二元Logit回归模型,探讨不同类型的家庭负担对贫困劳动力就业的影响及其影响的性别差异。结果显示:整体来看,不同类型的家庭负担对贫困劳动力就业影响不同,其中,赡养负担对贫困劳动力就业具有促进作用,疾病负担对贫困劳动力就业有阻碍作用;分性别来看,家庭负担对贫困劳动力就业的影响存在着性别差异,女性比男性更容易受到家庭负担的阻碍。据此,应完善农村公共服务建设,减轻家庭负担对就业的阻碍;增加居家就业机会,减轻就业与家庭的冲突,以此促进贫困劳动力的充分就业。

    Abstract:

    Based on the data of the labor force of relocation households in J County,Hubei Province,binary Logit regression model is used to explore the impact of different types of family burdens on poor labor force and the gender differences of this impact. The results show that overall,different types of family burdens have different impacts on the employment of the poor labor force,among which,the burden of support for the elderly promotes the employment of the poor labor force,and the burden of disease hinders the employment of the poor labor force. In terms of gender,there are gender differences in the impact of family burdens on the employment of the poor labor force. Women are more likely to be affected by family burdens than men. Therefore,the research points out that the rural public service construction should be improved to reduce the impact of family burden on employment. And the opportunities of home employment should be increased to reduce the conflict between employment and family and promote the full employment of the poor labor force.

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张翠娥,陈子璇.家庭负担、性别分工与贫困劳动力就业——基于湖北J县易地扶贫搬迁户的调查[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2021,(2):32-39

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-15
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