杨万江,李琪.新型经营主体生产性服务对水稻生产技术效率的影响研究——基于12省1 926户农户调研数据[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2017,(5):12-19
新型经营主体生产性服务对水稻生产技术效率的影响研究——基于12省1 926户农户调研数据
Study on Effect of New Agricultural Management Entities’ Productive Service on Rice Production Technical Efficiency ——Based on Household Survey Data of 1965 Farmers in 12 Provinces
  
DOI:
中文关键词:水稻  农户  技术效率  新型经营主体  生产性服务  机械化
英文关键词:rice  farmers  technical efficiency  new agricultural management entities  productive service  mechanization
基金项目:国家现代农业产业技术体系水稻产业经济(CARS-01-13B)
作者单位
杨万江 浙江大学 中国农村发展研究院浙江 杭州 310058 
李琪 浙江大学 中国农村发展研究院浙江 杭州 310058 
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中文摘要:
      基于全国12省1 926户农户调研数据,利用随机前沿模型分析了新型经营主体生产性服务对农户水稻生产技术效率的影响。结果表明,60%的样本农户接受了新型经营主体生产性服务,其中种苗提供、土地平整和机械收割服务的普及率较高。新型经营主体生产性服务能够显著提升稻农的技术效率,但不同稻作环节的服务对不同规模农户技术效率的影响存在差异:对生产规模小于80亩农户而言,土地平整、机械栽插和田间管理服务的作用明显;而对生产规模大于80亩农户来说,种苗提供、土地平整和机械栽插服务的作用更显著。因此要积极推进机械化稻作服务,加强机械化技术集成,提升农机具的适用性和适配性,同时要针对不同规模农户的生产需要和作业条件调整服务内容,着重提高机械收割、田间管理等环节的服务质量。
英文摘要:
      Based on household survey data of 1965 farmers in 12 provinces and stochastic frontier model,this paper analyzes the effect of new agricultural management entities’ productive service on rice production technical efficiency.The result shows that proportion of sample farmers receiving new agricultural management entities’ productive services is 61%,among which participation proportion of seedling providing,land ploughing and mechanical harvesting are high.Receiving new agricultural management entities’ productive service has a significant positive effect on technical efficiency of rice farmers.Multi productive service processes have different effect on farmers’ technical efficiency of different sizes.Mechanical transplanting and field management services have significant positive effect on technical efficiency of less than 80 acres farmers.Services including seedling providing,land ploughing and mechanical transplanting have significant positive impact on technical efficiency of farmers with more than 80 acres of land.Therefore,it is necessary to promote mechanization services positively,strengthen mechanization technology integration and promote machinery applicability and suitability.Meanwhile,it is also important to adjust service items according to farmers’ production needs and conditions with different production areas and improve service quality like field management service.
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