吴海涛,宋嘉豪.农村留守老人养老模式选择及其影响因素研究——基于CLHLS数据的分析[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2017,(5):63-70
农村留守老人养老模式选择及其影响因素研究——基于CLHLS数据的分析
Study on Choice of Pension Model of Left behind Elderly in Rural Areas and its Influencing Factors—— Based on Analysis of 2011 CLHLS Survey Data
  
DOI:
中文关键词:CLHLS  农村留守老人  养老模式  经济层面  社会福利
英文关键词:CLHLS  left behind elderly in rural areas  pension model  economic level  social welfare
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“生命周期、生计策略与农户贫困动态性”(71273281)和“城镇化路径选择对农村贫困影响的效应与机制”(71573277)。
作者单位
吴海涛 中南财经政法大学 工商管理学院湖北 武汉 430073 
宋嘉豪 中南财经政法大学 工商管理学院湖北 武汉 430073 
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中文摘要:
      采用2011年中国老龄人口健康状况调查(CLHLS)数据,在描述农村留守老人群体特征和养老现状的基础上,运用Logistic模型探讨了个体特征、家庭特征和社会福利对农村留守老人养老模式的影响。研究发现:我国农村留守老人受教育程度普遍偏低;从个体特征层面上看,年龄较大的、身体健康状况较差的、男性、受教育程度高的和自己(或配偶)有房屋的这几类农村留守老人群体,更容易选择正规化养老模式;从家庭特征上看,留守老人家庭收入越高、地位越高、子女数量越少越倾向于正规化养老模式,家庭出现过迁徙比没有出现过迁徙的农村留守老人更热衷于非正规化养老模式;从社会福利层面上看,所住社区有组织活动和没有参与医疗保险的留守老人更倾向于选择正规化养老模式。
英文摘要:
      Based on the data of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) in 2011 and the description of the group features of left behind elderly in rural areas as well as the pension conditions,this paper uses the Logistic model to study the impact of individual characteristics,family characteristics and social welfare on pension model of left behind elderly in rural areas.The result shows that the left behind elderly in rural areas generally have lower education; from the aspect of individual characteristics,those who are older,unhealthy,male,highly educated,or homeowners (with their spouses) tend to choose formal model of old age endowment; from the aspect of family characteristics,the elderly who have more household income,higher prestige at home,or fewer children prefer the formal model of old age endowment,and those whose families have experienced the migration show more interest in informal model of old age endowment compared with those who have not experienced the migration; from the aspect of social welfare,the elderly who live in the community with more activities and the elderly who don’t participate in health insurance are more likely to choose the formal model of old age endowment.
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