李博.村庄合并、精准扶贫及其目标靶向的精准度研究——以秦巴山区为例[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2017,(5):93-98
村庄合并、精准扶贫及其目标靶向的精准度研究——以秦巴山区为例
Study on Village Merging,Precise Poverty Alleviation and its Target Accuracy——A Case Study of QinBa Mountainous Areas
  
DOI:
中文关键词:村庄合并  农村  精准扶贫  贫困
英文关键词:village merging  rural areas  precise poverty alleviation  poverty
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目 “精准扶贫背景下农村结构性贫困治理机制研究”(16CSH042);中国科协高端科技创新智库青年项目“精准扶贫背景下农业科技扶贫的减贫机理与政策研究”(DXBZKQN2016004)。
作者单位
李博 中国农业大学 人文与发展学院 北京 100193 
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中文摘要:
      作为新一轮国家政权建设的主要内容,村庄合并的全面推进为巩固基层政权和提高行政运行效率奠定了一定的基础。但是,通过在秦巴山区集中连片贫困带的调研发现,村庄合并也对当前的精准扶贫形成了一定的影响。村庄合并的“形合神不合”造成了项目安排目标靶向的偏离,贫困地区治理单元的放大使精准管理难度加大,并且造成了精准扶贫的内卷化,同时村庄合并带来的政权“再悬浮”使贫困人口边缘化,合并中形成的动力差形塑了形式上的脱贫。面对以上出现的各种问题,认为在脱贫攻坚阶段,精准扶贫的制度供给侧改革是避免此类问题出现的根本措施,在制度横向设计上有必要做好各个部门的协调、沟通与配合,在制度纵向设计上要具备一定的前瞻性,避免运动式的治理逻辑。
英文摘要:
      As the main content of new round of national political power construction,the comprehensive advancement of village merging laid a certain foundation for the consolidation of the power at the grass roots level and the improvement of the administrative efficiency.However,the findings from the large poverty regions of Qin Ba mountainous areas show that village merging has also caused a certain influence on precise poverty alleviation.Village merging of “the rift between shape and reality” caused deviation of project schedule target.The expansion of governance unit in poor areas leads to both difficulties of precise management and involution of precise poverty alleviation.What’s more,“suspended” regime brought by village merging makes poverty population marginalized and poor dynamic difference shapes the escaping of poverty in the form.Based on the above problems,this paper points out that in the crucial stage of escaping poverty,the reform of precise poverty alleviation regime supply is the basic measure to avoid such problems.It is necessary to coordinate,communicate and cooperate with various departments in horizontal design of regime.In the regime longitudinal design,it is important to have certain prospective views in order to avoid the movement governance logic.
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