陈超,陈亭,翟乾乾.不同生产组织模式下农户技术效率研究——基于江苏省桃农的调研数据[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2018,(1):31-37
不同生产组织模式下农户技术效率研究——基于江苏省桃农的调研数据
Research on Farmers’ Production Efficiency under Different Organization Modes——An Empirical Analysis on Farmers in Jiangsu Province
  
DOI:
中文关键词:桃产业  随机前沿生产函数  技术效率  生产组织模式  农户
英文关键词:peach industry  stochastic frontier production function  technical efficiency  production organization modes  peasant household
基金项目:国家桃产业技术体系专家项目(1606j0784)。
作者单位
陈超 南京农业大学 经济管理学院江苏 南京 210095 
陈亭 南京农业大学 经济管理学院江苏 南京 210095 
翟乾乾 南京农业大学 经济管理学院江苏 南京 210095 
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中文摘要:
      基于2016年在江苏省桃主要产区调研所获得的微观数据,运用超越对数随机前沿生产函数模型,测算了不同生产组织模式下桃种植户的技术效率,并深入分析了影响其效率差异的主要因素。结果表明:不同组织模式下桃农生产技术效率存在明显差异,“农户+合作社(协会)”模式下桃农生产技术效率最高,“农户+企业”模式次之,“农户+市场”模式最低,组织化的农业生产方式能够在一定程度上改善要素投入配置,从而带来桃农技术效率的提高。在影响桃农技术效率的各主要因素中,种植规模、种植年限和受教育程度对不同模式下桃农技术效率有显著性影响,但影响方向和程度有所不同;家庭劳动力人口数和参加技术培训次数在“农户+合作社(协会)”模式下表现出显著的负效应。
英文摘要:
      Based on the Micro-survey data of peach farmers in Jiangsu Province in 2016,this research uses the stochastic frontier production function model to examine the differences in the production efficiency of peach farmers under three different kinds of production organization models and then further analyzes the factors that affect farmers’ technical efficiency.Results show that there are significant differences in production technical efficiency of peach farmers under different organizational models.Farmers who are members of cooperatives obtain the highest production technical efficiency values,followed by farmers who sign contracts with companies,while farmers who face the market directly get lowest ones.Organized agricultural production modes can effectively improve the production technical efficiency of peach farmers by improving the configuration of factor input.Among the main factors affecting the technical efficiency,planting areas,planting years and levels of education of farmers have significant effects on the technical efficiency of farmers under each kind of production modes,but the direction and extent vary with production modes.The number of households and the times farmers participating in technical training have negative impacts for farmers who are members of cooperatives.
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