胡业方.村干部“名”与“实”的历时性嬗变——基于浙江赵村的实地调查[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2018,(1):99-105
村干部“名”与“实”的历时性嬗变——基于浙江赵村的实地调查
Diachronic Evolution of Village Cadres’ Name and Reality——Based on Investigation in Zhao Village of Zhejiang Province
  
DOI:
中文关键词:包办型  赢利型  放任型  名与实  偏离  纠偏
英文关键词:package type  profit-making type  laissez-faire type  name and reality  deviate  rectification
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目“土地流转与农民生计模式转变研究”(15CSH041)。
作者单位
胡业方 华东理工大学 社会与公共管理学院上海 200237 
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中文摘要:
      关于村干部角色行为的研究有两种取向:一是对村干部应该如何的“名”的研究,二是对村干部实际如何的“实”的研究。赵村的村干部的“名”与“实”经历了从融合到偏离的历史性嬗变。改革开放后,因对村干部有了新的要求与期待,历史变迁的惯性及相应的政策及制度性规定为村干部角色行为提供了基础,包办型村干部经历了“名”与“实”的短暂融合。但随着村庄出现可赢利的巨额集体资产,村干部以派性斗争为核心争夺村庄权力,以自我获利为目的,造成村庄集体资产流失,村民利益受损,赢利型村干部的“名”与“实”严重偏离。以制度治村为核心的纠偏机制的运行,以期扭转赢利型村干部“名”与“实”偏离的行为,却导致了放任型村干部的出现,这实际上是另一种形式的“名”与“实”的偏离,村干部“名”与“实”偏离的困境依然没有摆脱。
英文摘要:
      There are two approaches to study the roles of village cadres’ behavior:one is to study the name of how the village cadres should be,and the other is to study the reality of how the village cadres actually behave.The name and reality of village cadres in Zhao village experienced the change from integration to separation of diachronic evolution.After the reform and opening up,because there are some new requirements and expectations about village cadres,the inertia of historical change and the corresponding policies and institutional regulations provide the basis for the role of village cadres.The arranged type village cadres experienced name and reality fusion in a short time.With the appearance of huge profitable collective economy in the village,village cadres compete for village power with the factional struggle as the core and with the aim of making profits,which results in the loss of village collective economy and the loss of villagers.The name of village profit making cadres has seriously deviated from its reality.In order to reverse the deviation,the rectification mechanism with the core of the institutional governance was implemented.But it also led to the emergence of the role behavior of laissez-faire village cadres,which is another form of name and actual deviation.The village cadres are still not away from the dilemma of name and reality deviation.
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