冷波.形式化民主:富人治村的民主性质再认识——以浙东A村为例[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2018,(1):106-112
形式化民主:富人治村的民主性质再认识——以浙东A村为例
Formalized Democracy:Reconsideration of the Democratic Nature of Village Managed by the Rich——A Case Study of Village A in Eastern Zhejiang Province
  
DOI:
中文关键词:村民自治  富人治村  形式民主  政治平等  人民民主
英文关键词:the villager autonomy  village managed by the rich  formalized democracy  political equality  people’s democracy
基金项目:教育部哲学社会科学重大课题攻关项目“完善基层社会治理机制研究”(14JZD030)。
作者单位
冷波 华中科技大学 中国乡村治理研究中心湖北 武汉 430074 
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中文摘要:
      富人治村作为村民自治的一种实践样态,对基层民主具有重要影响。浙东A村的经验表明,在富人治村的民主实践过程中,村庄政治朝着寡头化的方向演变。富人治村的民主性质是形式化民主,具体表现为民主选举金钱化、民主过程程序化和民主治理私人化。形式化民主是由民主政治法制化、参政资格经济化和政府与资本结盟共同塑造的。形式化民主不符合基层民主的发展方向,并造成基层民主萎缩、基层政权合法性受损,村庄的公平正义被破坏、村庄矛盾增多,最终导致村庄发展不可持续。富人治村的民主实践不能脱离群众,要保障人民当家做主的权力。
英文摘要:
      Village managed by the rich,as a practice of villagers’ autonomy,has an important effect on grassroots democracy.The experience of the target village in eastern Zhejiang shows that its village politics have evolved in the direction of oligarchy in the process of democratic practice.Its democratic nature is just the formalized democracy,embodied by the monopoly of money in election,the routinization of democratic procedure,and the privatization of democratic governance.Formalized democracy is created by the legalization of democratic politics,the economization of qualifications for participation in political affairs and the alliance between government and capital.Formalized democracy does not conform to the development of grassroots democracy,thus resulting in the shrink of grassroots democracy,impairment of the legitimacy of grassroots regime,jeopardy of justice and fairness,and booming of conflicts in village,which in turn gives rise to the unsustainable development of the village.The democratic practice of village managed by the rich relies on the people,which could guarantee the people’s power to be the master.
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