田北海,安宝龙.不患贫而患无助:城乡困难居民社会公平感的影响研究[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(1):97-106
不患贫而患无助:城乡困难居民社会公平感的影响研究
Factors Affecting the Sense of Social Fairness of Urban and Rural Disadvantaged Residents:Helplessness Rather Than Poverty
  
DOI:
中文关键词:社会经济地位  相对剥夺  社会救助  城乡困难居民  社会公平感
英文关键词:social economic status  relative deprivation  social assistance  urban and rural disadvantaged residents  social fairness
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目“城市新贫困群体的社会保障机制研究”(13CSH091);湖北省社会科学基金项目“精准扶贫视角下湖北省城乡支出型贫困问题研究”(2017155)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2662015PY106)。
作者单位
田北海 华中农业大学 文法学院/农村减贫与发展研究中心湖北 武汉430070 
安宝龙 华中农业大学 文法学院/农村减贫与发展研究中心湖北 武汉430070 
摘要点击次数: 88
全文下载次数: 90
中文摘要:
      基于湖北省城乡居民家庭综合社会调查数据,综合运用二项Logistic回归和多元有序Logistic回归两类模型,比较分析城乡困难居民社会公平感的影响因素。研究发现:社会经济地位对城乡困难居民社会公平感的影响并不显著,相对剥夺因素对城乡困难居民社会公平感有抑制作用,社会救助则对城乡困难居民社会公平感有促进作用;比较而言,社会救助的社会公平感促进效应更为稳健。其具体表现为:较之城市社区困难居民,城郊、乡镇社区困难居民的相对剥夺感低,农村社区困难居民的相对剥夺感更低,相应地,农村社区困难居民的社会公平感水平最高,城郊、乡镇社区居民的社会公平感水平次之,城市社区居民的社会公平感水平最低;较之未获得社会救助的城乡困难居民,获得过社会救助的困难居民更有可能发生社会公平感,且社会公平感水平更高。正所谓,不患贫而患助。缩小层际差距、促进阶层融合、完善社会救助制度是提升社会公平感的题中应有之义。
英文摘要:
      Based on the comprehensive social survey data of urban and rural households in Hubei Province,the application of binomial logistic regression and multiple ordinal logistic regression analysis,this article compares the factors affecting the sense of social fairness of urban and rural disadvantaged residents.It is found that the impact of social economic status on residents’ sense of social fairness is not significant,but the relative deprivation factors can restrain their sense of social fairness.And social assistance can promote their sense of social fairness.Comparatively speaking,the promotion effect of social assistance on the sense of social fairness is more stable.To be more specific,the sense of deprivation of disadvantaged residents in suburb and township is lower compared with that in city; and the sense of deprivation of rural community disadvantaged residents is lowest.Correspondingly,the sense of social fairness of rural community disadvantaged residents is the highest,followed by disadvantaged residents in suburb and township,and then those in city.Compared with the urban and rural disadvantaged residents having no access to social assistance,those having received social assistance are more likely to have a higher sense of social fairness.Therefore,helplessness rather than poverty is the cause of trouble.And promoting the sense of social fairness of social members relies on shortening the gap between different social stratums,promoting the integration of social stratums,and improving the social assistance system.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭