武俊伟.基层党组织有限介入:农村社区“两委”候选人的当选逻辑——基于政策文本分析[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(1):107-115
基层党组织有限介入:农村社区“两委”候选人的当选逻辑——基于政策文本分析
The Limited Intervention of Grassroots Party Organization:The Logic of Winning of the “Two committee” Candidates in Urban Community——Based on the Policy Text Analysis
  
DOI:
中文关键词:基层党组织  社区两委  候选人  基层民主  选举
英文关键词:grassroots party organization  two committees of the community  candidates  grassroots democracy  elections
基金项目:中国人民大学“中央高校建设世界一流大学(学科)和特色发展引导专项资金”。
作者单位
武俊伟 中国人民大学 公共管理学院北京 100872 
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中文摘要:
      作为农村社区“两委”换届选举的关键步骤,农村社区“两委”候选人的产生备受关注。借助街道党组织社区“两委”候选人换届政策文本,勾勒出社区“两委”候选人在基层党组织设定的双重候选条件下的当选逻辑,并以fs-QCA定性比较分析法对社区“两委”候选人胜出资质进行检验。结果显示,良好群众基础是潜在候选胜出的必要条件,同时具备群众基础和政绩两要素是潜在候选人胜出的有效途径;仅凭借经济实力或宗族势力等资源禀赋并不能使其成为“两委”正式候选人;街道组织部门受政治稳定逻辑驱使,往往采取多样化策略减少社区选举“变数”。因此,基层党组织对农村社区“两委”选举过程的有限介入并非有损基层民主质量,相反,它使农村社区选举表现出有别于乡村选举的优良特质。
英文摘要:
      As a key step in the election of the “two committees” in rural communities,the nomination of candidates has attracted much attention.Based on policy texts,this paper reveals the logic of candidacy admission under the conditions set by grassroots party organization,and tests that with the qualities of formal candidates by using qualitative comparison analysis (QCA).The results show that:(1) The mass foundation is the necessary prerequsite for the potential candidate to be admitted,and a marriage between mass foundation and political achievement increases the possibility of winning; (2) The resource endowments such as economic power or clan power cannot solely make it work; (3) Driven by the logic of political stability,sub-district organization often adopts diverse strategies to reduce the uncertainness of community elections.Therefore,the common belief that the limited involvement of grass-roots party organizations in the rural community election process causes damage to democracy at the grassroots level is not true; conversely, the rural community election runs better than the villege election.
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