何倩倩.从“婚配”到“婚恋”:婚姻模式变迁与农村光棍形成——基于关中L村的实地调查[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(1):130-136
从“婚配”到“婚恋”:婚姻模式变迁与农村光棍形成——基于关中L村的实地调查
Changes in Rural Marriage Patterns and the Formation of Bachelors in Rural Areas——Based on the Field Investigation of GuanZhong L Village
  
DOI:
中文关键词:婚配  婚恋  婚姻压力  农村光棍
英文关键词:traditional marriage  free love  marriage pressure  rural bachelors
基金项目:国家社会科学青年基金项目“城市化进程中农民工恋爱、婚姻问题研究”(15CRK020)。
作者单位
何倩倩 华中科技大学 中国乡村治理研究中心湖北 武汉 430074 
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中文摘要:
      随着打工经济发展与人口流动,农村婚姻市场形成和自由恋爱逐步兴起,由父母主导的传统“婚配”模式向子女自主选择的“婚恋”模式变迁。在开放的婚姻市场中,对婚姻资源的激烈竞争促使农民的婚姻责任发生了代际重塑,表现为子代在婚姻市场中负责恋爱找对象,父代承担婚姻消费支出。从“子代找得到”与“父代娶得起”两个维度分析农村婚姻缔结过程与光棍形成机制,可建构出农村的三种光棍类型。在紧张的婚姻形势下,为了应对婚姻压力,农民的家庭策略发生了重要变化:传统的小农家计模式难以应对婚姻的竞争性消费,倒逼农民主动进入务工市场;父代通过抬高婚姻支付来增加子代在婚姻市场中的竞争力;农民生育观念随着婚姻压力增大而改变。
英文摘要:
      With the development of the rural migrant economy and the rapid flow of population,the rural marriage market has gradually formed.The rise of young people’s free will to choose spouse has brought about the transition from the traditional “marriage” mode dominated by parents to the “love” mode independently chosen by offspring.In the open marriage market,farmers compete fiercely for marriage resources.This further induces the generation division of the farmer’s marital responsibility.It is shown that the responsibility of the offspring is to find their own partners in the marriage market,and the father pays for the marriage expenses.Analyzing the process of rural marriage and the formation mechanism of bachelors from the two dimensions of “offspring find partners” and “father pay the marriage expenses ”,this paper finds that three types of bachelors in rural areas can be constructed.In order to cope with the pressure of marriage,farmers are making great changes to their family strategies:(1) Farmers find it difficult to afford the competitive consumption in marriage if they continue their traditional living pattern,thus they actively find access to the labor market to make money; (2) Father increases child’s competitiveness in marriage market by raising the marriage payment; (3) Farmers’ concept of reproduction are changing gradually due to the pressure of marriage.
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