张笑寒,汤晓倩.农民专业合作社联合社成员“搭便车”行为研究——基于演化博弈视角[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(4):45-53
农民专业合作社联合社成员“搭便车”行为研究——基于演化博弈视角
A Study on the “Free Rider” Behavior of the Farmers Cooperatives Union Members:Based on the Perspective of Evolutionary Game
  
DOI:
中文关键词:农民专业合作社联合社  “搭便车”行为  演化博弈  剩余控制权  俱乐部产品
英文关键词:farmer cooperative union  free-rider behavior  evolutionary game  residual control rights  club goods
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“农民资金互助合作组织的扶贫效应及相关政策研究”(16BGL126);江苏省研究生科研创新计划项目“包容性增长视阈下农民专业合作社绩效研究——以江苏省为例”(KYCX18_1684)。
作者单位
张笑寒 南京审计大学 经济学院江苏 南京 211815 
汤晓倩 南京审计大学 经济学院江苏 南京 211815 
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中文摘要:
      针对农民专业合作社联合社发展过程中出现的有损于集体利益的“搭便车”现象,用演化博弈分析方法探讨了成员社在联合社发展不同阶段做出行为选择的理论逻辑,并运用Matlab软件进行数值仿真。研究发现,在联合社初创阶段,建立奖惩机制可以有效解决较高的合作成本带来的成员社“搭便车”问题;在联合社发展阶段,一方面剩余控制权使得普通社比核心社更倾向于“搭便车”,另一方面俱乐部产品的形成增加了成员社对“搭便车”的预期收益,加大奖惩力度可减少“搭便车”行为。由此提出以下建议:联合社与政府加强监督;完善利益分配机制;实现成员社与联合社的利益联结。
英文摘要:
      Aiming at the phenomenon of hitchhiking,a harmful behavior to collective interests in the development of farmers’ professional cooperative associations,this paper uses evolutionary game analysis method to discuss the theoretical logic of associations members’ behavior choices in different stages of the development of the associations,and uses MATLAB software to carry out numerical simulation.The study finds that:(1) In the initial stage of the association,a rigid reward and punishment mechanism can effectively solve the “free-rider” problem caused by higher cooperative costs.(2) In the development stage of the association,on the one hand,the residual control rights make the ordinary societies more inclined to “free-rider” than the core societies; on the other hand,the advent of club goods increases staff members’ income expectation for “free-rider”,which might be reduced by the reinforcement of rewards and punishments mechanism.To this end,this paper proposes to strengthen the supervision of the Union and the government,to improve the benefit distribution mechanism and to realize the interest linkage between the member cooperatives and the union.
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