梁伟军,谢若扬.能力贫困视阈下的扶贫移民可持续脱贫能力建设研究[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(4):105-114
能力贫困视阈下的扶贫移民可持续脱贫能力建设研究
Research on Sustainable Poverty Alleviation Capability Building of Non-agricultural Relocated Poor Migrants from the Perspective of Capability Poverty
  
DOI:
中文关键词:扶贫移民  能力贫困  能力建设  可持续脱贫能力  协同治理
英文关键词:relocated poor migrants  capability poverty  capability building  sustainable poverty alleviation capabilities  collaborative governance
基金项目:湖北省社会科学基金重点项目“文明湖北建设”(ZD2016WT017)。
作者单位
梁伟军 华中农业大学 马克思主义学院湖北 武汉 430070 
谢若扬 华中农业大学 马克思主义学院湖北 武汉 430070 
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中文摘要:
      强化易地扶贫搬迁后续措施、增强扶贫移民可持续脱贫能力是脱贫攻坚阶段必须着力解决好的重大课题。基于能力贫困视角,解析扶贫移民可持续脱贫能力结构,探求可持续脱贫能力形成机制,剖析可持续脱贫能力建设面临的突出难题,提出了促进可持续脱贫能力建设的根本路径。研究发现,扶贫移民的可持续脱贫能力主要由社会资本、人力资本、金融资本层面的能力所构成,形成机制在于能力建设主体各自定位清晰、分工明确、形成合力。当前能力建设面临移民自身生存发展能力不足、城乡二元贫困治理体制制约、社会组织扶贫参与不够等难题。协同治理是促进扶贫移民可持续脱贫能力建设的根本路径,需要移民自身主动提高生存发展能力,政府部门强化制度政策供给,民营企业积极履行扶贫责任,社会组织深度参与脱贫攻坚。
英文摘要:
      Strengthening the follow-up measures of relocation and enhancing relocated poor migrants’ sustainable poverty alleviation capabilities are major issues that must be addressed in the crucial stage of poverty alleviation.Based on the capability poverty perspective,this paper analyzes the structure of relocated poor migrants’ sustainable poverty alleviation capabilities,explores the formation mechanism of these capabilities,analyses the problems in capabilities building,and then presents fundamental paths that promote capabilities building.The study finds that sustainable poverty alleviation capabilities mainly consist of social capital,human capital and financial capital,and the formation mechanism of these capabilities lies in clear positioning,explicit division of work and the joint force of the main bodies.Currently,the capability building is confronted with such problems as insufficient abilities of self-survival and development,restriction of urban and rural dual poverty management system,and insufficient participation of social organizations in poverty alleviation.Collaborative governance is the basic path to improve the construction of sustainable poverty alleviation capabilities.Objectively,it’s necessary to actively improve the survival and development abilities for poor migrants,and to strengthen the system and policy assistance on part of government departments.Besides,private enterprises should actively fulfill their responsibilities of helping poor migrants,and social organizations should be more devoted in poverty alleviation.
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