李博,左停.乡村振兴中乡土知识的惠益分享机制与减贫作用探析[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(4):136-143
乡村振兴中乡土知识的惠益分享机制与减贫作用探析
The Benefit-Sharing Mechanism of Local Knowledge and Its Effect on Poverty Reduction in Rural Revitalization
  
DOI:
中文关键词:乡村振兴  乡土知识  惠益分享  减贫
英文关键词:rural revitalization  local knowledge  benefit-sharing  poverty reduction
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目“削减深度贫困地区农户贫困脆弱性的制约因素研究”(19YJCZH094);陕西省科技厅重点产业创新链(群)-社会发展领域基金项目“汉江经济带绿色生态产业链建设与示范”(2019ZDLSF06-07)。
作者单位
李博 西安建筑科技大学 公共管理学院/西北乡村振兴研究中心陕西 西安 710055 
左停 中国农业大学 人文与发展学院北京 100193 
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中文摘要:
      乡土知识具有确保农民生计安全,促进贫困户精神脱贫、产业脱贫和实现绿色减贫的功能。在乡村振兴过程中,乡土知识的惠益分享是实现乡村振兴与精准扶贫有效衔接的重要举措。结合对不同地区乡土知识促进减贫内在作用案例的分析,力图解释现代科学知识话语体系,城市化、市场失衡和法律制度不健全对当前乡土知识惠益分享形成的困境。提出乡土知识的发展需要追求和谐、包容、独立的发展理念,培养乡土知识的继承人,在公平贸易基础上加大对于乡土知识的开发和利用并加强对原住民权利与利益的保障。
英文摘要:
      Local knowledge has the function of ensuring farmers livelihood security,promoting poverty alleviation in spirit,industry and realizing green poverty reduction.In rural revitalization,the benefit-sharing of local knowledge is an important measure to realize the effective connection between rural revitalization and targeted poverty alleviation.Based on the case analysis of the internal role of local knowledge in poverty reduction in different regions,this paper tries to explain the obstacles to the current benefit-sharing from the perspectives of modern scientific knowledge discourse system,urbanization,market imbalance and imperfect legal system.It is proposed to pursue the idea of harmonious,inclusive and independent 〖JP2〗development,to enhance the development and utilization of local knowledge based on fair trade,and to strengthen the protection of indigenous rights and interests.
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