朱要龙.追赶经济结构一元收敛、自主城镇化与乡村振兴[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(5):29-36
追赶经济结构一元收敛、自主城镇化与乡村振兴
Catching-up Economic Structure,Independent Urbanization and Rural Revitalization
  
DOI:
中文关键词:追赶经济结构  收敛的人口条件  城镇化  乡村振兴  农地制度
英文关键词:catching-up economic structure  convergent population conditions  urbanization  rural revitalization  farmland system
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重点项目“欠发达地区新型城镇化与乡村振兴协同共进路径研究”(19AJY008);云南省院省校教育合作人文社会科学研究项目“云南实施乡村振兴战略的思路和对策研究”(SYSX201814)。
作者单位
朱要龙 云南大学 民族学与社会学学院云南 昆明 650091 
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中文摘要:
      基于刘易斯收敛条件的考察发现,中国不彻底的城镇化破坏了农业部门生产效率提高所必要的人口条件,使得二元经济结构呈现长期化发展趋势。当前土地制度安排引致了双轨城镇化问题,导致土地增值收益分配失衡;受损失厌恶行为驱动,农村人口的自主城镇化过程锁定在了“流而不迁”状态;农村人口自主城镇化的失败产生了大量不在承包制形式,而以家庭为基础的不在承包制形式正瓦解集体一致性行动准则,使农村集体所有权的制度运行存在名义化取向,加大了农地制度创新阻力,引致农业生产陷入传统陷阱。基于此提出:要打破土地增值错配格局,推动农业转移人口市民化;完善相关政策法规,改变不在承包制形式并保护经营权;城镇化建设要允许人口实现农村退出,以适应农业生产率提高对土地适度规模经营的需求。
英文摘要:
      Based on the investigation of Lewis’ convergence conditions,the paper finds that China’s incomplete urbanization has destroyed the population conditions necessary for the improvement of production efficiency in the agricultural sector and led to the solidification of the dual economic structure.The current land system has led to the problem of dual-track urbanization,resulting in an imbalance in the distribution of land value-added income.Driven by the aversion to loss,the process of independent urbanization of the rural population is locked in the state of “flow without moving”.The failure of rural population’s autonomous urbanization has resulted in many forms of non-contractual system.With the joint action of non-cooperative behavior induced by loss aversion,the family-based non-contracting system is disintegrating the collective consistent action criteria,which makes the operation of rural collective ownership system have a nominal orientation,increases the resistance of agricultural land system innovation,and leads production to the trap of traditional agriculture.The article points out that efforts should be made to break the mismatch of land with value added,to promote the autonomous urbanization of rural population,to improve the relevant policies and regulations,change the form of non-contractual system and protect management rights.Rural population should be allowed to exit to meet the requirements for the appropriate scale management of rural land.
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