马红坤,毛世平.日本和欧盟农业支持政策的转型路径比较与启示[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(5):46-53
日本和欧盟农业支持政策的转型路径比较与启示
Comparison of the Agricultural Support Policy Transformation Paths Between Japan and the EU and China’s Realistic Choice
  
DOI:
中文关键词:日本  欧盟  农业支持政策  转型路径  竞争力  绿色发展
英文关键词:Japan  EU  agricultural support policy  transformation paths  agricultural competitiveness  sustainable development
基金项目:国家自然科学基金国际合作项目“中非农业技术转移机制及效果评估研究”(71761147005);中国农业科学院科技创新工程(ASTIP-IAED-2019-05)。
作者单位
马红坤 中国农业科学院 农业经济与发展研究所北京 100081 
毛世平 中国农业科学院 农业经济与发展研究所北京 100081 
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中文摘要:
      选择切合我国农业发展现实的转型路径对加快增产导向的农业支持政策转型意义重大。选取近年来沿着不同路径持续推进农业支持政策转型,资源禀赋、转型背景同我国相似、转型绩效良好、借鉴价值较大的日本和欧盟进行比较分析,深入探讨了二者选择不同转型路径的原因、相应的转型路径和主要政策措施。研究发现:日本立足小农生产格局下农业竞争力弱化的现实,选择提高小农竞争力为首要目标的转型路径,并构建了竞争力导向的政策新体系;欧盟则从农业环境保护现状远低于社会预期的现实出发,选择以促进农业绿色发展能力提升为重点的转型路径,沿着该路径推进了近年来的两轮改革。当前,我国农业发展面临竞争力弱化和绿色发展能力不足的双重压力,政策转型应以促进小农竞争力和绿色发展能力提高为目标,立足小农现实,多措并举,提高农业竞争力的同时,全面践行“两山”理论,推动农业实现绿色发展。
英文摘要:
      Choosing the appropriate transformation path in line with the reality of China’s agricultural development is of great significance for the transformation of agricultural support policy with the production increasing orientation.In order to provide a clear reference for the path selection of China’s policy transformation,we made a comparative analysis of Japan and the EU which had similar resources endowments and transformation background with China and took different paths to promote agricultural support policy transformation with good results.An in-depth discussion is given on their policy transformation,especially on the reasons for choosing different transformation paths,the corresponding transformation paths and the major policy measures.It is found that Japan chose the transformation path with the primary goal of improving its agricultural competitiveness,and has been building a new competitiveness-oriented policy system based on low agricultural competitiveness of the small-scale agricultural production pattern; the EU chose the transformation path that focused on promoting the sustainable development due to the reality that the current agricultural environmental protection was far from expectation and,along this path,two rounds of reforms in recent years have been promoted.At present,China’s agriculture is facing the dual pressure of weakening competitiveness and insufficient capacity for sustainable development.Policy transformation should be aimed at promoting competitiveness and improving sustainable development at the same time,and multiple measures should be taken to improve agricultural competitiveness,and in the meantime sustainable development of agriculture should also be promoted.
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