张俊峰,张安录.中国土地资源错配、效益损失与政策启示:基于省际面板数据的实证研究[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(5):126-136
中国土地资源错配、效益损失与政策启示:基于省际面板数据的实证研究
Land Misallocation,Benefits Losses and Policy Implications in China:An Empirical Study of 31 Provinces
  
DOI:
中文关键词:土地资源  部门错配  空间错配  效益损失  错配类型
英文关键词:land resources  department misallocation  spatial misallocation  degree of misallocation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“土地资源禀赋空间异质、资源错配与效率改进:以武汉城市圈为例”(71603288);教育部人文社会科学研究项目“土地资源空间异质性、作用机制及差别化土地政策研究:以武汉城市圈为例”(16YJC790133)。
作者单位
张俊峰 1.中南财经政法大学 公共管理学院湖北 武汉 430073 
张安录 2.华中农业大学 公共管理学院湖北 武汉 430070 
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中文摘要:
      依据资源错配理论和C-D生产函数,构建土地资源错配及其效益损失测度模型,并对中国1996-2015年土地资源错配程度及其效益损失进行探讨。结果表明:1996-2015年中国农用地修正错配率由24.02%下降到4.64%,建设用地错配率由198.08%降至13.18%;中国土地资源部门错配效益损失先降低后上升,2015年达23 982.84亿元,年均损失率为1.98%;中国土地资源空间错配效益损失率由14.33%下降为11.62%,但效益损失由4 652.30亿元增加到35 441.05亿元;在部门错配类型上,西部表现为农地非农化损失,东部和中部先后由农地非农化损失转变为农地农用损失,拐点为2001年、2013年,在空间错配类型上,东部表现为短缺错配、中西部为过度错配。由此得出:中国土地资源短缺错配和过度错配并存,中西部土地错配程度较高,但效益损失主要集中在东部地区;中国土地资源错配和效益损失程度呈下降趋势,但由于部门和空间收益差存在,错配效益损失值仍在增加;调整土地资源部门和空间配置量、缩小部门和地区土地边际产出效益差异是纠正土地资源错配的根本路径。
英文摘要:
      The paper constructs some models to measure the department and space misallocation of land resources and the benefits losses caused by this error based on the theory of resource misallocation and C-D production function and discusses the degree and benefits of land resource department misallocation and space misallocation using the provincial panel data from 1996 to 2015 in China.The results show:1)from 1996 to 2015 in China,the revised agricultural land misallocation rate decreased from 24.02% to 4.64%,and the construction land misallocation rate decreased from 198.08% to 13.18%; 2)the benefit loss of land resources sector misallocation in China presented features of decrease before rise reaching 2 398.28 billion yuan in 2015,with an average annual loss rate of 1.98%; the benefit loss rate of land resources sector misallocation decreased from 14.33% to 11.62% in China,but the benefit loss increased from 465.23 billion yuan to 3 544.11 billion yuan;3)the benefit loss types of land misallocation in Eastern and Central region varied from agricultural land for agricultural use to agricultural land for non-agricultural use,and the turning points were the years of 2001 and 2013 respectively.The benefit loss type of land resource misallocation in Western region has always been agricultural land for agricultural use from 1996 to 2015.The spatial misallocation type of land resources in Eastern region was a shortage misallocation,while there was an excessive misallocation in Central and Western regions.Therefore,the paper draws conclusions as follows:1)There is a significant difference in land resources misallocation in China.The shortage misallocation and excessive misallocation coexist.The land misallocation degree of Western region and Central region is higher than the Eastern region,but the benefit losses of land misallocation in Eastern region is far greater than the Western region and Central region;2)There is a downward trend with respect to the degree of land misallocation and its benefit losses in China,but the benefit loss caused by land resource misallocation was still increasing due to the existence of income differences between departments and regions;3)the fundamental paths for correcting the land resource misallcation are to adjust the allocation between departments and regions and reduce the differences of land marginal output benefits between sectors and regions.
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