孙鹏飞,赵凯,贺婧.农村人口老龄化、社会信任与农户宅基地退出——基于安徽省金寨县614户农户样本[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(5):137-145
农村人口老龄化、社会信任与农户宅基地退出——基于安徽省金寨县614户农户样本
The Rural Population Aging,Social Trust and Farmers’ Behavior of Quitting Rural Residential Land (FBQRRL): 614 Farmers’ Samples in Jinzhai County,Anhui Province
  
DOI:
中文关键词:人口老龄化  社会信任  宅基地退出  人际信任  制度信任
英文关键词:Rural population aging  social trust  FBQRRL  interpersonal trust  institutional trust
基金项目:中央农办农业农村部乡村振兴专家咨询委员会项目“农户宅基地有偿退出模式及优化研究”(RKX2019015A);国家社会科学基金西部项目“粮食主产区耕地保护经济补偿模式及运行机制研究”(15XJY010)。
作者单位
孙鹏飞 西北农林科技大学 经济管理学院陕西 杨凌 712100 
赵凯 西北农林科技大学 经济管理学院陕西 杨凌 712100 
贺婧 西北农林科技大学 经济管理学院陕西 杨凌 712100 
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中文摘要:
      基于宅基地退出试点区安徽省金寨县614户农户的微观调研数据,运用Probit模型和分组回归模型,实证检验农村人口老龄化、社会信任对农户宅基地退出行为的影响。结果表明:人口老龄化对农户宅基地退出行为具有显著负向影响;社会信任对农户宅基地退出行为具有显著正向影响;社会信任的两种类型(即人际信任和制度信任)均对农户宅基地退出行为产生显著积极影响;人际信任和制度信任均能缓解人口老龄化对农户宅基地退出行为的不利影响,缓解效应显著,且人际信任的缓解作用要强于制度信任。由此,提出完善宅基地退出户的社会养老保障制度、提升农户社会信任水平、制定多元化宅基地退出政策等建议。
英文摘要:
      Based on 614 household micro-samples in Jinzhai county,Anhui province,we did an empirical analysis of the effect of population aging and social trust on FBQRRL by employing Probit model and group-level regression model.The results showed,firstly,rural population aging has a significant negative effect and farmer’s social trust has a significant positive effect on FBQRRL respectively.; secondly,the two dimensions of farmer’s social trust,interpersonal trust and institutional trust,have a significant positive effect on FBQRRL; thirdly,social trust can mitigate the adverse effect of population aging on FBQRRL.The mitigation effects of interpersonal trust and institutional trust on FBQRRL are significant,the mitigation effect of interpersonal trust stronger than that of institutional trust.Finally,some suggestions were brought forward to perfect the social security system for old-age support for rural households who withdraw from their homesteads,enhance the level of social trust of rural households,and formulate a diversified policy for the withdrawal of their homesteads.
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