边恕,李东阳.推进职工基本养老保险全国统筹的方案设计与实施路径[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(5):156-163
推进职工基本养老保险全国统筹的方案设计与实施路径
Promotion of the National Pooling of Basic Endowment Insurance Scheme Design and Its Implementation Path
  
DOI:
中文关键词:基本养老保险  全国统筹  统筹重点  统筹方案  统筹难点
英文关键词:the basic pension  national coordination  national coordination priorities  national coordination plan  the difficulties of national coordination
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目“养老保险城乡统筹政策优化研究——基于养老金与财政动态契合的视角”(14JJD630012);辽宁省教育厅高等学校创新人才支持项目“基于老年多元需求的社会养老服务有效供给体系研究”(WR2016009)。
作者单位
边恕 1.辽宁大学 人口研究所辽宁 沈阳 110036  2.武汉大学 社会保障研究中心湖北 武汉 430072 
李东阳 1.辽宁大学 人口研究所辽宁 沈阳 110036 
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中文摘要:
      党的十九大报告提出要尽快实现养老保险全国统筹。实现养老保险全国统筹是一项系统工程,尽快实现养老保险全国统筹需要把握全国统筹的内在要求,同时选择阻力较小的统筹方案。在统筹方案选择上,应考虑渐进式方案带来的政策固化风险与调整成本,以统筹实施时点划分不同的保险待遇计发办法,不失为一种可行的路径。在分析地方政府利益博弈、合理制度参数与给付标准设定等统筹难点的基础上,提出从多途径分担历史债务、建设垂直化管理的社保经办机构、建设多层次养老保险体系等方面入手推进基本养老保险全国统筹的建议。
英文摘要:
      The 19th CPC National Congress Report has put forward that the national pooling of endowment insurance should be realized as soon as possible.It is a systematic project which involves grasping the internal requirements of national coordination and choosing a plan with less resistance.In choosing the national coordination plan,we should consider the policy solidification risk and adjustment cost brought about by the gradual plan.It is a feasible way to differentiate different methods of insurance treatment according to the time point.There are some obstacles to the national coordination of the basic pension,such as the interest of local governments,reasonable system parameters and the setting of payment standards.It is suggested that historical debts be shared in many ways,social security agencies be built with vertical management,and a multi-level old-age insurance system be established to promote the national coordination of the basic pension.
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