贺雪峰.行政还是自治:村级治理向何处去[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(6):1-5
行政还是自治:村级治理向何处去
Administration or Autonomy:Where to Go for Village-level Governance
  
DOI:
中文关键词:村级治理  农村税费改革  农村公共服务  村庄公共性
英文关键词:village-level governance  rural tax and fee reform  rural public service  village publicity
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重点项目“村庄治理现代化的区域差异研究”(18ASH002)。
作者单位
贺雪峰 武汉大学 社会学院湖北 武汉 430072 
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中文摘要:
      中国历史上村级治理主要解决国家从农村汲取资源和满足农民最基本生产生活秩序维持的需要,村干部主要功能也就兼具国家代理人与农民当家人的双重角色。在当前资源下乡的背景下面,中国基层出现了普遍的村级治理行政化现象。村级治理行政化的必然后果是村庄公共性的消失,资源下乡的低效甚至无效。离开对农民群众的动员,仅仅强调为农民群众服务,不组织农民,仅仅帮助农民,结果可能造成村级治理的失败。
英文摘要:
      In Chinese history,village-level governance mainly solved the country’s resource extraction from farmers and met basic needs of peasants in maintaining the order of production and life,village cadres mainly played the dual role of national agent and representative of farmers.Under the background of the current resources going to the countryside,there has been a general phenomenon of village-level governance administration at the grassroots level in China,which inevitably generated the disappearance of village publicity,and the inefficiency or even ineffectiveness of resources in the countryside.The village-level governance might probably fail if peasants were only helped without being organized or motivated to get involved.
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