王秋月.村社联动:村级有效治理的路径选择——川西平原D村的实践与启示[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(6):6-13
村社联动:村级有效治理的路径选择——川西平原D村的实践与启示
Village-Group Linkage:Path Choice of Effective Village-level Governance——Practice and Enlightenment of D Village in West Sichuan Plain
  
DOI:
中文关键词:村社联动  村级治理  行政化  协商民主  治理有效
英文关键词:village group linkage  village level governance  administrative  deliberative democracy  effective governance
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“乡村振兴战略背景下新型农村社区的土地制度创新研究”(19YLJCZH042)。
作者单位
王秋月 华中科技大学 法学院湖北 武汉 430074 
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中文摘要:
      我国实行村民自治以来,村级治理采取村-社分工基础上的协作,实现行政-自治二元治理体系下的联动。行政村承担行政职能并发挥村庄内部的统筹功能,社队具有土地分配、公共品供给及公共规则生产等能力,进而能够承担自治职能。村-社两级既相互分工,又需要彼此协作完成本级组织无法单独完成的工作。随着行政力量的不断介入,行政村的自主空间被压缩且无力回应治理诉求,社队因土地分配权力的丧失、公共品供给能力不足以及治理主体缺失等问题导致治理能力不断弱化,村级治理失效。村级治理的困境不在于基层治理单元的调整,而在于构建良性的村社关系。川西平原一直贯彻着村社传统,并形塑了较为有效的治理效果,对于其他地方的村级治理具有一定的启示和借鉴意义。村级有效治理需要重塑村社关系,在再生产社治理能力的基础上,同时给予村社一定的自主治理空间,并充分依靠村社内生治理资源。
英文摘要:
      Village-Group interaction is an effective path to achieve the effectiveness of village-level governance.Since the implementation of village self-government in China,the village-level governance has taken the cooperation on the basis of the division of labor between the village and the group,and realized the linkage under the administrative-autonomous dual governance system.Administrative villages assume administrative functions and give full play to the overall planning function within the villages.The group has the capacity of land distribution,public goods supply and public rules production so as to assume autonomous functions.The village and the group need to share responsibilities and work together to make accomplishments that could not be achieved alone.With the continuous intervention of administrative forces,the autonomous space of administrative villages has been compressed and unable to respond to the demands of governance; the group has been constantly weakened due to the loss of land distribution power,the lack of public goods supply capacity and the absence of governance subjects,thus leading to the failure of village-level governance.The predicament of village-level governance lies in the construction of a benign village-group relationship other than the adjustment of the grassroots governance unit.The western Sichuan Plain,following the village-group tradition for a long period and attaining effective governance results,is of certain enlightenment and reference significance for village-level governance in other places.To realize the effective and efficient village-level governance,the relationship between villages and villages should be reshaped,certain amount of autonomous self-government and a full reliance on the internal resources of the village community are necessary.
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