董银果,吴倚天.健康与贸易,孰轻孰重?——SPS措施的保护目的探讨[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(6):50-59
健康与贸易,孰轻孰重?——SPS措施的保护目的探讨
Which is the Priority:Health or Trade?——Discussion on the Protection Purpose of SPS Measures
  
DOI:
中文关键词:SPS措施  非关税壁垒  贸易保护  健康保护  零膨胀负二项回归
英文关键词:SPS Notifications  non-tariff barriers  trade protectionism  health protectionism  Zero Inflation Negative Binomial Regression (ZINB)
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“SPS措施与农产品质量升级的耦合机制研究”(71673087);国家自然科学基金项目“农产品SPS适度保护水平的形成机理与应用策略”(71373154)。
作者单位
董银果 华东理工大学 商学院上海 200237 
吴倚天 华东理工大学 商学院上海 200237 
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中文摘要:
      卫生与植物检疫(SPS)措施是各国以科学为依据制定的保护消费者健康和环境安全的法规标准。随着SPS措施在国际贸易中的广泛使用,其保护目标常常被质疑是为了保护贸易,而非健康。本文基于2001—2018年WTO成员针对农产品的SPS通报数据,分别选取代表“健康保护”和“贸易保护”的指标,采用零膨胀负二项回归模型(ZINB),研究SPS措施的保护目的。结果发现,与健康相关的变量与WTO成员的SPS措施通报数显著相关,SPS措施主要是为了保护消费者的健康,但也存在贸易保护的嫌疑;发达国家SPS措施保护贸易的嫌疑更大;加工农产品SPS措施相比初级农产品更具有贸易保护倾向。
英文摘要:
      Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) measures based on scientific evidence are formulated to protect consumer’s health and safety of the environment.The wide use of SPS measures in global trade is often suspected to protect trade rather than health.This article aims to explore the protection purpose of SPS measures by using Zero Inflation Negative Binomial Regression(ZINB) model based on the SPS notification data of WTO members on agricultural products in year 2001-2018.It found the health-related variables were significantly related to the number of SPS measures notified by the WTO members.The SPS measures are mainly used to protect the health of consumers,but the suspicion of trade protectionism also exists,typically in developed countries.And the SPS measures tend to provide more trade protection for processing products compared with the primary products.
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