杨磊.工商资本下乡的多维效应及其发生根源探析——基于湖北省Y县的经验调查[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(6):106-113
工商资本下乡的多维效应及其发生根源探析——基于湖北省Y县的经验调查
The Multidimensional Effect of Capital to the Countryside and Its Mechanism——Based on the Empirical Investigation of Y County,Hubei Province
  
DOI:
中文关键词:资本下乡  多维效应  农民分化  小农理性
英文关键词:capital to the countryside  multi-dimensional effect  peasant differentiation  peasant rationality
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目“地权变革背景下农村治理转型与机制创新研究”(17CSH009)。
作者单位
杨磊 华中科技大学 公共管理学院湖北 武汉 430074 
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中文摘要:
      工商资本下乡对“三农”的影响引起了广泛争论,形成了市场效率和小农理性两种具有张力的价值取向。通过对湖北省Y县的经验调查,发现工商资本下乡具有增长效应、分化效应、排斥效应和断裂效应,基层政府、工商资本主体和大户主导的农业产业化模式排斥了普通农户参与的经济机会,给乡村政治和治理的稳定性带来了诸多风险。这些效应产生的重要根源在于基层政府在政策资源分配时具有“抓大扶强”的价值追求,工商资本主体“强势分利”的经济逻辑对普通农户具有排斥性,而资源禀赋不足的普通农户则坚守着“小农理性”的生计原则,结果便是普通农户与工商资本主体间利益联结机制的失衡。在乡村振兴和城乡融合发展的新时代背景下,既要利用工商资本推动农业产业化转型,也要重视小农经济的内生发展,充分保护农村社会“蓄水池”的承载功能。
英文摘要:
      There has been a wide debate on the influence of capital to the countryside on “three rural issues” has caused widespread controversy,which further generates two value orientations,market efficiency and small farmer rationality.An investigation into Y County in Hubei Province revealed that the industrial and commercial capital had a growth effect,differentiation effect,rejection effect,and fragmentation effect.The mode of agricultural industrialization led by grass-roots governments,industrial and commercial capital bodies,and large households deprived average farmers’ chances to participate in economic activities,which might pose many risks to the stability of rural politics and governance.These effects could be mainly attributed to the fact that the grass-roots governments follow the logic of “supporting the big and strong agricultural company” when allocating policy resources.The economic logic of the “strong distributiveness” of the main body of industrial and commercial capital is exclusive to ordinary farmers and the lack of resource endowment is common.Farmers are sticking to the social logic of “small farmer rationality”.The result is the occurrence of imbalance of the benefit linkage mechanism between ordinary farmer households and the main body of industrial and commercial capital.Under the background of the new era of rural revitalization and the integration of urban and rural development,it is necessary to use industrial and commercial capital to promote the transformation of agricultural industrialization and also give priority to the endogenous development of the small-scale peasant economy to fully protect the reservoir function of the rural society.
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